Printing Industry

Table of Contents  Keys to Using Guide  U.S. Domestic Printing Industry  Emerging Technologies   P2 Practices in Printing  Lithography  Screen Printing  Flexography  Gravure

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures

Keys to Using This Guide

The U.S. Domestic Printing Industry

Overview
Companies, Presses and Employees
Geographic Distribution
Conclusion
Annotated Bibliography

Emerging Technologies

Annotated Bibliography

Common Pollution Prevention Practices in Printing

Major Wastestreams
How to Reduce Waste
   Start at the Beginning - Graphic Design
   Job Planning
   Material Handling and Storage
   Waste Segregation, Recycling, and Reuse
   Alternative Materials
Pre Press
   Photochemistry
   Silver Recovery
   Alternative Prepress Technologies
Press
   Mechanical Modifications
Inks
   Recycling Inks
   Alternative Inks
Cleanup
   Parts Washers
Post Press
References Used
Annotated Bibliography
Places to Look for Waste Reduction
   Good Housekeeping
   Waste Accounting
   Inventory
   Photochemicals
   Platemaking
   Alternative Materials
   Printing
   Cleanup
   Waste Inks
   Finishing

Lithography

Overview
Pre Press
Photo Processing
Proofs
Plates
Press
   Materials Substitution
Post Press
References Used
Annotated Bibliography
Case Studies

Screen Printing

Overview
Pre Press
   Stencils and Screen Preparation
Press
   Ink
Post Press
   Screen Reclamation
   Equipment Modification
   Process Modifications
   Screen Disposal
References Used
Annotated Bibliography
   Factsheets
Case Studies

Flexography

Overview
Pre Press
Press
Post Press
Letterpress
References Used
Annotated Bibliography
Case Studies

Gravure

Overview
Pre Press
Press
Post Press
References Used
Annotated Bibliography
Case Studies

Appendix A/Federal Regulations

Overview
Clean Air Act (CAA)
   Title I Provisions for Attainment and Maintenance of National Ambient Air Quality Standards
   Title II Provisions Relating to Mobile Sources
   Title III Hazardous Air Pollutants
   Title IV Acid Deposition Control
   Title V Permits
   Title VI Stratospheric Ozone Protection
Clean Water Act (CWA)
Occupational Health and Safety Act
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
Superfund (CERCLA and SARA)
Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA)

Appendix B/Human Resources

States/Provinces
National and Regional Groups
Printing Associations

Appendix C/Electronic Resources

Printing Web Sites
Listservs
Videos

Appendix D/Glossary

Appendix E/Summary Sheets

List of Tables and Figures

List of Tables

Table 1. Places to Look for Waste Reduction in the Printing Industry

List of Figures

Figure 1 Economic Profile of U.S. Printing Industry
Figure 2 Economic Market Share by Process
Figure 3 Plant Distribution by Press Type
Figure 4 Distribution by Number of Employees
Figure 5 Plant Distribution in 10 Leading States
Figure 6 Typical Lithographic Printing Process and Principle Releases to the Environment
Figure 7 Principle of Offset Lithography
Figure 8 Principle of Screen Printing
Figure 9 Principle of Flexography
Figure 10 Principle of Gravure Printing

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank U.S. EPA Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics and the Northeast

Waste Management Officials Association (NEWMOA) for funding to produce this information packet. Illinois Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC) staff, past and present, who contributed to this project include: Laura Barnes, Malcolm Boyle, Ester Burke, Laurie Case, Chris Harris, George Hedke, Susan Herrel, LeAnn Herrin, Deb Kramer, Gary Miller, Jackie Peden, Li-Chen Shen, Angela Simon, and Pam Tazik. We thank them for their contributions.

We also would like to recognize the reviewers who provided valuable suggestions on improving this document. They are: Ken Barnes (WMRC), Malcom Boyle (WMRC), Gary Jones (Graphic Arts Technical Foundation), George Frantz (Massachusetts Office of Technical Assistance), Rick Hartwig (Graphic Arts Technical Foundation), Marcie Kinter (Screenprinting and Graphic Imaging Association International), Deb Kramer (WMRC), Lisa Regenstein (NEWMOA), Steve Warner (WMRC), and Catherine Zeman (Iowa Waste Reduction Center).