Metal Finishing Industry
Table of Contents
Types of Shops
General Pollution Prevention Techniques for Plating
Alternative Rinsing Practices
1. Markets Served by Metal Finishers—Percent of 1992 Market
1. Waste Minimization Options for Metal Plating Operations
The Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association (NEWMOA) designed this manual to provide environmental assistance staff with a basic reference on metal finishing. The purpose of the manual is to enable assistance providers to rely on a single publication to jump start their research on pollution prevention for metal finishers with whom they are working. The manual is explicitly designed to be useful to assistance professionals with experience working with metal platers and those who have never encountered metal finishing before. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Pollution Prevention Division funded this manual as a model of a comprehensive packet of information on a single industry.
NEWMOA collaborates with state and local environmental assistance programs in the Northeast; these programs have requested this manual to help them provide more efficient and effective help to the numerous metal finishers in the region. Assistance providers have reported frustration with having to search databases for materials only to obtain a list of citations and case studies that they have to spend considerable time finding in order to provide information to their client companies. In addition, these officials rarely have the opportunity to check the accuracy of the information they find in databases to determine whether the material is still current. To avoid duplicating efforts and to ensure that the information platers receive is up-to-date and accurate, NEWMOA developed this manual as a model "synthesized" information packet that includes an exhaustive compilation and synthesis of existing materials on P2 for the metal finishing industry.
To compile this manual, NEWMOA reviewed over 700 books, articles, fact sheets, reports and guides on P2 for metal finishing. NEWMOA staff also sent a draft of the manual to more than 15 expert reviewers for their comments and suggestions. The result is an up-to-date compilation of information on P2 options for metal finishing. However, pollution prevention is a rapidly changing field, and all users should check with the various centers identified in Appendix B to determine whether any new information is available.
The first three chapters of the manual include a statistical characterization of the industry, overview of federal regulations for metal finishing, pointers on implementing process planning and a description of general pollution prevention options. Chapter 4 covers general issues that apply to overall facility operations. Chapters 5 through 7 address specific issues within each process line. These three chapters focus on specific processes, pollution prevention options for these processes, issues pertaining to the options and case studies highlighting the options. Chapter 8 covers alternative deposition processes that replace traditional electroplating operations. Chapter 9 provides information on integrating P2 into a facility's design. In order to reduce redundancy where topics overlap, the text refers the reader to other sections within the document. The manual also has an index to facilitate quick information retrieval. The Appendices provide a glossary and resource listing.
NEWMOA designed this manual for individuals who are involved in providing some form of environmental technical assistance to metal finishing companies. NEWMOA believes that the information in this manual would be useful to environmental inspectors and permit writers that are involved in regulatory compliance activities at metal finishing companies. This manual could help these regulatory officials identify possible pollution prevention opportunities at the firms that they are inspecting or permitting.
NEWMOA designed this manual for assistance providers with little or no experience with metal finishing. NEWMOA suggests that these users pay particular attention to Chapters 1 through 4 to gain a basic understanding of P2 for the industry. Chapters 5 through 9 will become increasingly useful to these users as they work with specific companies on particular issues. To facilitate searching for specific information and topics, the last section of the manual includes an index. NEWMOA expects users of this manual, who are experienced assistance providers to metal finishers, to use only those sections that pertain to their specific situations in client companies. These users may find the information in Chapters 5 through 9 to be the most useful.
As stated above, this is a model for additional manuals that NEWMOA and other regional and national organizations are developing for other industry groups. NEWMOA is interested in obtaining comments and suggestions from manual users on its content and format. Please take a moment and complete the evaluation form at the end of the document to help us with future versions of this and other manuals, or call NEWMOA at (617) 367-8558 ext. 304 and talk with us about the manual.
NEWMOA is indebted to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Pollution Prevention for its support of this project. The Northeast states provided additional in-kind support.
NEWMOA would also like to thank those who provided advice and assistance, especially those who volunteered on the peer review committee:
Mark Arienti, Maine Metal Products Association
Lisa Regenstein, NEWMOA P2 Project Manager—Researcher/Author
Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association
The Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association (NEWMOA) is a non-profit, nonpartisan, interstate governmental association. The membership is composed of state environmental agency directors of the hazardous waste, solid waste, waste site cleanup and pollution prevention programs in Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont.
NEWMOA's mission is to help states articulate, promote and implement economically sound regional programs for the enhancement of environmental protection. The group fulfills this mission by providing a variety of support services that facilitate communication and cooperation among member states and between the states and EPA, and promote the efficient sharing of state and federal program resources.
NEWMOA was established by the governors of the New England states as an official interstate regional organization, in accordance with Section 1005 of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). The organization was formally recognized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in 1986. It is funded by state membership dues and EPA grants.
NEWMOA established the Northeast States Pollution Prevention Roundtable (NE P2 Roundtable) in 1989 to enhance the capabilities of member state environmental officials to implement effective source reduction programs. The NE P2 Roundtable's program involves the following components: (1) managing a regional roundtable of state pollution prevention programs; (2) publishing a newsletter; (2) managing a clearinghouse of books, reports, case studies, fact sheets, notices of upcoming meetings and conferences, and a list of P2 experts; (3) organizing training; and (4) conducting research and publishing reports and other documents. The clearinghouse provides pollution prevention information to state and local government officials, the public, industry, and others. Funding for the NE P2 Roundtable is provided by the NEWMOA member states and the U.S. EPA. For more information contact: Terri Goldberg, NEWMOA, 129 Portland Street, 6th floor, Boston, MA 02114, (617) 367-8558 x302 (Phone); (617) 367-0449 (Fax); NEPPR@TIAC.NET (e-mail).
The views expressed in this manual do not necessarily reflect those of NEWMOA, US EPA, WMRC, or the NEWMOA member states. Mention of any company, process, or product name should not be considered an endorsement by NEWMOA, NEWMOA member states, or the US EPA.