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Title:The Influence of Child Attachment Security on the Relationship Between Feeding Responsiveness and Picky Eating Behavior
Author(s):Iwinski, Samantha
Contributor(s):Bost, Kelly; Saltzman, Jaci
picky eating
child attachment
parent feeding responsiveness
fussy eating
responsive feeding
Abstract:Objective At a young age, the caregiver and child create bonds that may influence how responsive they are to each other. The types of feeding practices can be categorized by different levels of responsiveness. Responsiveness may influence if the child interacts with the caregivers and at mealtime. This study aims to assess if attachment moderates the relationship between feeding responsiveness and picky eating behavior. Methods A subsample of participants (n = 110) were examined. Participants received questionnaires when the child was 6 weeks and 18-24 months. At 18-24 months, the families participated in a home visit to videotape a mealtime. Parent feeding responsiveness was coded from the videotaped mealtimes. Child attachment security was assessed using Attachment Behavior Q-Set. Picky eating was assessed with two validated questionnaires, one modeling the variable as dichotomous and one as continuous. Results Multiple regression models were used to assess the relationship between the variables. Using picky eating as a dichotomous and continuous variable, feeding responsiveness and child attachment were both independently associated with picky eating. The higher picky eating scores were associated with lower feeding responsiveness and lower attachment levels. There was also no significant association involving the interaction with all three variables. Conclusions This research shows that picky eating is predicted by parent feeding responsiveness and child attachment. Strategies to reduce picky eating behaviors in early childhood may help childhood development. Attachment with the caregiver is important for picky eating and may affect parents’ responses to children’s satiety cues during the mealtime.
Issue Date:2018-04
Genre:Conference Poster
Sponsor:National Dairy Council
The Gerber Foundation
The Christopher Family Foundation
The U. S. Department of Agriculture
The National Institutes of Health; DK107561
The Illinois Association for Infant Mental Health Norton Award
The U.S. Department of Agriculture for funding provided to the Illinois Transdisciplinary Obesity Prevention Program
Rights Information:Copyright 2018 Samantha Iwinski
Date Available in IDEALS:2018-05-23

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