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Title:Navigating the PDF/A Standard: A Case Study of Theses in Oxford's Institutional Repository
Author(s):Oates, Anna I.; Downie, J. Stephen; Halvarsson, Edith; Popham, Michael
Subject(s):ISO 19005
institutional repositories
digital preservation
electronic theses and dissertations
Abstract:The PDF/A (Portable Document Format–Archival) was established by the International Organization of Standardization as the ISO 19005 standard for long-term preservation of electronic documents. In a case study of the Oxford institutional repository theses collection, PDF/A was evaluated as a possible format for standardizing theses disseminated online. While the ISO requirements of a well-formed PDF/A promises sustainability and easy recovery of content, the case study uncovered that the standard restricts some document features from being incorporated into a well-formed PDF/A. Non-conformances to the standard are found across electronic theses and dissertations, from non-Latin glyphs used in scientific and language papers to embedded content, such as images. A further complication for achieving ISO 19005 compliance is that, despite non-conformance to the ISO standard, validation tools do not always catch non-conformance errors in documents which claim to conform to PDF/A. While PDF/A is a logical solution for long-term digital preservation, the stringent standard prevents some content which is frequently used in academic research from conforming to the ISO 19005 standard.
Issue Date:2018
Series/Report:iConference 2018 Proceedings
Genre:Conference Poster
Rights Information:Copyright 2018 is held by Anna Oates, J. Stephen Downie, Edith Halvarsson, Michael Popham. Copyright permissions, when appropriate, must be obtained directly from the authors.
Date Available in IDEALS:2018-07-12

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