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Title:Stabilization of liposomal functional anchors by cross-linkable lipids
Author(s):Smith, Cartney
Advisor(s):Kong, Hyunjoon
Contributor(s):Kong, Hyunjoon
Department / Program:Chemical & Biomolecular Engr
Discipline:Chemical Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:M.S.
Genre:Thesis
Subject(s):Cross-Linkable Lipids
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Chitosan
Liposome
Abstract:Micro- and nanoparticles are designed to deliver drugs and contrast agents to their target site in a controlled manner. One of the greatest obstacles in the performance of such delivery vehicles is their stability in the presence of serum. Here we investigate a method to stabilize a class of liposomes in which lipid vesicles are modified post- fabrication through surface adsorption and anchoring. We hypothesized that the sequential adsorption of functional units followed by covalent cross-linking of the liposome would provide enhanced stability in the presence of human serum. To investigate this hypothesis, liposomes composed of diyne-containing lipids were assembled and functionalized via chitosan conjugated with a hydrophobic anchor and the magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agent, gadolinium, as a model functionality. This strategy served to stabilize the thermodynamically favorable association between liposome and modified functional chitosan. Furthermore, the chitosan-coated, cross-linked liposomes proved more effective as delivery vehicles of MR contrast agents than uncross-linked liposomes due to the reduced liposome degradation and chitosan desorption. Overall, this study demonstrates a useful method to stabilize a broad class of particles used for systemic delivery of various molecular cargos.
Issue Date:2013-07-15
Type:Thesis
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2295
http://hdl.handle.net/2142/100421
Rights Information:Copyright 2013 Cartney E. Smith
Date Available in IDEALS:2018-08-14
Date Deposited:2013-08


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