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Title:NV diamond project for nEDM
Author(s):Sharma, Sarvagya
Director of Research:Beck, Doug
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Kwiat, Paul
Doctoral Committee Member(s):DeMarco, Brian; Ceperley, David
Department / Program:Physics
Discipline:Physics
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Diamond
neutron electric dipole moment
Electrometry
Quantum defect
Magnetometry
Sensing
Nonlinear optics
Abstract:This work presents the research conducted on Nitrogen Vacancy (NV) defects in diamonds for the nEDM experiment which has an operating temperature of 0.5 K. NV defects have been investigated as metrological sensors for measuring both, electric and magnetic fields at room temperature and also at 4 K. This thesis discusses different techniques used to probe the NV centers electronic structure. The first, Optically Detected Magnetic Resonance (ODMR) allows us to probe the Zeeman and Stark induced shifts in the ground state through resonant microwave spectroscopy. This technique has helped us study and characterize the response of the NV center to electromagnetic fields. The use of the NV center ensemble as a vector field sensor is also studied using ODMR. The second technique allows us to build a sensor which also measures the ground state resonances but without the need for microwaves. Instead the quantum phenomenon of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) was used. This all-optical method makes diamonds containing NV centers a suitable sensor of the nEDM experiment. The driven and free spin dynamics of the NV center are also investigated in this work. Studying the evolution of the NV center spin gives us important clues about its spin bath environment and the characteristic time constants over which the NV spin states decay. These time constants set the fundamental limit of the sensitivity for measuring magnetic and electric fields.
Issue Date:2018-03-27
Type:Text
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/100915
Rights Information:Copyright 2018 Sarvagya Sharma
Date Available in IDEALS:2018-09-04
Date Deposited:2018-05


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