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Title:A multiscale model for the oxide ion conducting and proton conducting solid oxide cells
Author(s):Ma, Linjian
Advisor(s):Aluru, Narayana R.
Department / Program:Mechanical Sci & Engineering
Discipline:Mechanical Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):multiscale modeling, continuum modeling, transition state theory, density functional theory, solid oxide cells
Abstract:Solid oxide cells (SOCs) are high-efficiency energy conversion devices under high temperature. However, the key reaction mechanisms governing the overall performance of SOCs are not well understood. Here, we develop a multiscale model combining density functional theory calculations, transition state theory and continuum modeling to elucidate the essential reaction steps and predict the performance of the device. Density functional theory calculations are used to obtain the free energy barriers for different reaction steps, transition state theory is used to predict the reaction rate constants for each step based on the free energy barriers, and the continuum theory utilizes the reaction rate constants to obtain the voltage loss-current density relations. We apply the methodology to both the oxide ion-conducting SOCs as well as the proton-conducting SOCs. The proposed multiscale model yields quantitative agreement with the voltage loss-current density data from experiments. The results indicate that as to the oxygen electrode reactions in the Lanthanum Strontium Cobalt Ferrite (La_{1-x}Sr_{x}Co_{1-y}Fe_{y} O_{3-\delta} or LSCF) based oxide ion-conducting SOCs, the reaction step involving the splitting of the surface oxygen molecules into oxide ions under SOFC mode and the combination of surface oxide ions into oxygen molecules under SOEC mode is the rate limiting reaction step, and the diffusion of oxide ions in bulk LSCF is the rate limiting diffusion step. As to the Pt/Y-doped BaZrO_3/Ag based proton-conducting SOFC, the cathode reactions are rate-limiting steps.
Issue Date:2018-01-25
Rights Information:Copyright 2018 Linjian Ma
Date Available in IDEALS:2018-09-04
Date Deposited:2018-05

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