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Title:Identification of fungal species causing powdery mildew on cucurbits, determination of the genetic and pathogenic variations of the fungi and their sensitivity to major powdery mildew fungicides
Author(s):Xiang, Yiwen
Director of Research:Babadoost, Mohammad
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Babadoost, Mohammad; Miller, Andrew
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Brown, Patrick; Domier, Leslie; Eastburn, Darin
Department / Program:Crop Sciences
Discipline:Crop Sciences
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):powdery mildew
genetic variations
Abstract:Cucurbit species are members of the family Cucurbitaceae. Major cucurbit species grown in Illinois are Cucumis sativus (cucumber), Lagenaria sicerarias (gourd), C. melo (muskmelon), Cucurbita pepo (pumpkin), C. maxima and C. moschata (squash), and Citrullus lanatus (watermelon). Powdery mildew is an annually-occurring disease of cucurbits, which causes yield losses up to 50% in Illinois and worldwide. Podosphaera xanthii and Golovinomyces cichoracearum are known as the causal agents of cucurbit powdery mildew. No reported investigations have been conducted on the species identification of the agent of powdery mildew of cucurbits, genetic and pathogenic variation of the pathogen, or the fungicide-resistance of the fungus in the North Central Region (NCR). This research was conducted to: 1) identify species causing powdery mildew on cucurbits in Illinois and some other major cucurbit producing areas in the United States; 2) determine genetic and pathogenic variations among isolates of powdery mildew fungi on cucurbits; and 3) determine the sensitivity of cucurbit powdery mildew pathogens to commonly used powdery mildew fungicides, including DMI, QoI, SDHI, quinolines, and cyflufenamid fungicides. To identify the species of powdery mildew fungi, powdery mildew infected leaves of C. melo, C. sativus, C. maxima, C. moschata, C. pepo, and L. siceraria were collected from California, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Texas, Washington, and Wisconsin. In addition, 10 DNA samples from Italy and 40 isolates from New York and Wisconsin of cucurbit powdery mildew fungi were obtained. After sequencing the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of nuclear ribosomal DNA (nrDNA) for 119 isolates of powdery mildew causing fungi, only P. xanthii was identified. Distinct clustering of genetic variation based on geographical origins was found among the isolates. Also, significant variation (P < 0.0001) was found in pathogenicity among the 37 isolates tested. Our data showed reduced effectiveness of azoxystrobin, from the QoI group, for the control of cucurbits powdery mildew. Triflumizole (DMI group), penthiopyrad (SDHI group), quinoxyfen (quinolines group), cyflufenamid (unknown mode of action group of U6) all effectively controlled powdery mildew of pumpkin.
Issue Date:2018-04-18
Rights Information:Copyright 2018 Yiwen Xiang
Date Available in IDEALS:2018-09-04
Date Deposited:2018-05

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