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Title:Quantum quench dynamics and entanglement
Author(s):Zhou, Tianci
Director of Research:Stone, Michael
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Faulkner, Thomas
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Abbamonte, Peter; Wagner, Lucas
Department / Program:Physics
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):quantum quench
bipartite fidelity
Loschmidt echo
random unitary circuit
KPZ fluctuation
Abstract:Quantum quench is a non-equilibrium process where the Hamiltonian is suddenly changed during the quantum evolution. The change can be made by spatially local perturbations (local quench) or globally switching to a completely different Hamiltonian (global quench). This thesis investigates the post-quench non-equilibrium dynamics with an emphasis on the time dependence of the quantum entanglement. We inspect the scaling of entanglement entropy (EE) to learn how correlation and entanglement built up in a quench. We begin with two local quench examples. In Chap. 2, we apply a local operator to the groundstate of the quantum Lifshitz model and monitor the change of the EE. We find that the entanglement grows according to the dynamical exponent z = 2 and then saturates to the scaling dimension of the perturbing operator -- a value representing its strength. In Chap. 3, we study the evolution after connecting two different one-dimensional critical chains at their ends. The Loschmidt echo which measures the similarity between the evolved state and the initial one decays with a power law, whose exponent is the scaling dimension of the defect (junction). Among other conclusions, we see that the local quench dynamics contain universal information of the (critical) theory. In the global quench scenario, the change of the Hamiltonian affects all parts of the system. In this thesis, we focus on the global chaotic quench driven by generic non-integrable Hamiltonians. In Chap. 4, we propose to use the operator entanglement entropy of the unitary operator as a probe. Its fast linear entanglement production is sharply contrasted to the slow logarithmic spreading of the many-body localized system. The entanglement saturation suggests that the evolution operator in the long time can be modeled by a random unitary matrix. In Chap. 5, we construct a random tensor network which consists of random unitary matrices connected locally to model chaotic evolution with local interactions. We find that the entanglement dynamics is mapped to the statistical mechanics of interacting random walks. This appealing emergent picture allows us to understand the universal linear growth as well as the fluctuations of entanglement in a chaotic quench.
Issue Date:2018-07-06
Rights Information:Copyright 2018 Tianci Zhou
Date Available in IDEALS:2018-09-27
Date Deposited:2018-08

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