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Title:The guardians of cell fate: protective mechanisms that ensure proper cell fate and patterning during imaginal disc regeneration in drosophila
Author(s):Schuster, Keaton Jay
Director of Research:Smith-Bolton, Rachel K
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Stubbs, Lisa J.
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Mizzen, Craig; Raetzman, Lori T.
Department / Program:Cell & Developmental Biology
Discipline:Cell and Developmental Biology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Regeneration, Cell Fate, Patterning, Drosophila
Abstract:Regenerating tissue must replace lost structures with cells of the proper identity and pattern in order to restore function. This thesis will describe two major insights into how patterning and cell fate is maintained and restored during the late phases of regeneration in the wing imaginal disc of Drosophila. First, the identification of taranis as a regeneration-specific patterning gene and its subsequent characterization as a factor that is required to protect the regenerating cells in the wing imaginal disc from inappropriate posterior to anterior cell fate changes that are induced by the powerful JNK signaling cascade at the wound misregulating the expression of engrailed. The other chapter will detail the identification of the pioneer transcription factor Zelda as being upstream of taranis expression during regeneration. Zelda is found to be expressed at the same place and time as Taranis, and reduction of Zelda levels results in profound anterior and posterior patterning defects. Speculation is provided suggesting that Zelda may also be essential for the large developmental transition from a program devoted to regenerative growth to the repatterning phase that allows for the restoration of cell fate and patterning genes that was lost earlier in regeneration. This work describes identification of a novel gene regulatory network essential for patterning and cell fate during regeneration.
Issue Date:2018-07-10
Type:Text
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/101694
Rights Information:Copyright 2018 Keaton Schuster
Date Available in IDEALS:2018-09-27
2020-09-28
Date Deposited:2018-08


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