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Title:Gender and counterproductive work behavior (CWB): a personality-based explanatory model
Author(s):Amrhein, Rachel Lynn
Director of Research:Newman, Daniel A
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Newman, Daniel A
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Rounds, James; Liu, Yihao; Park, YoungAh; Hulin, Charles L.
Department / Program:Psychology
Discipline:Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):counterproductive work behavior
personality
sadism
narcissism
agency
communion
gender
emotional intelligence
sex role orientation
Abstract:There is a gender gap in counterproductive work behavior (CWB), such that men report engaging in more counterproductivity at work than do women (Ng, Feldman, & Lam, 2016). The present study proposes an explanatory model for the CWB gender gap, using personality traits (narcissism, sadism, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and emotional intelligence) and sex role orientation (agency and communion) to explain the gap. Study 1 uses meta-analytic structural equation modeling to estimate the mediating effects of narcissism, sadism, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and emotional intelligence in the gender-CWB relationship. Study 2 extends this model using a primary data sample of working adults, and specifies sex role orientation (agency and communion) as mediating mechanisms through which gender relates to the personality traits. Primary data are also used to test hypothesized gender × sex role (congruence) effects (e.g., gender × agency interaction effects on personality traits) and show that agency is a stronger predictor of sadism for men than for women.
Issue Date:2018-07-13
Type:Thesis
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/101711
Rights Information:Copyright 2018 Rachel Amrhein
Date Available in IDEALS:2018-09-27
Date Deposited:2018-08


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