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Title:Choosing team members: taking personality and perceived personality into account
Author(s):Rangel, Bertha
Director of Research:Newman, Daniel A.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Newman, Daniel A.
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Carpenter, Nichelle C.; DeChurch, Leslie A; Fraley, Robert C; Rounds, James; Hulin, Charles L.
Department / Program:Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):self-organized teams, ERGM, personality
Abstract:Technological advances have led to an increase in teams that self-assemble, meaning individuals have more power to choose whom they want to work with. This study aims to understand the mechanisms behind teammate choice. Specifically, a qualitative study and a social network approach were used to investigate the characteristics individuals take into consideration when choosing teammates. Two themes emerged from the qualitative study, indicating that individuals consider both accessibility (e.g., friendship and physical proximity) and desirable characteristics (e.g., conscientiousness and complementary skills) when choosing teammates. The quantitative social network study (on a sample of N=304 college students who completed sociometric measures of teammate invitations and personality) demonstrated that individuals tended to send teammate invitations to those: (a) whom they perceive to exhibit higher extraversion and lower neuroticism, (b) with whom they are familiar (i.e., via friendship and prior collaboration), and (c) who were similar to themselves (personality homophily) in three traits: emotional intelligence, preference for teamwork, and neuroticism. Further, the accuracy with which the teammate invitation sender perceives the self-rated personality of the target of the invitation (i.e., self-other correspondence in rated personality/attributes) is moderated/strengthened by familiarity, for the attributes of extraversion, neuroticism, emotional intelligence, and exam grades.
Issue Date:2018-07-13
Rights Information:Copyright 2018 Bertha Rangel
Date Available in IDEALS:2018-09-27
Date Deposited:2018-08

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