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Title:DWCox: A density-weighted Cox model for outlier-robust prediction of prostate cancer survival
Author(s):Xiao, Jinfeng
Advisor(s):Han, Jiawei
Department / Program:Computer Science
Discipline:Computer Science
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):DREAM, Prostate cancer, Cox model
Abstract:Reliable predictions on the risk and survival time of prostate cancer patients based on their clinical records can help guide their treatment and provide hints about the disease mechanism. The Cox regression is currently a commonly accepted approach for such tasks in clinical applications. More complex methods, like ensemble approaches, have the potential of reaching better prediction accuracy at the cost of increased training difficulty and worse result interpretability. Better performance on a specific data set may also be obtained by extensive manual exploration in the data space, but such developed models are subject to overfitting and usually not directly applicable to a different data set. We propose \model, a density-weighted Cox model that has improved robustness against outliers and thus can provide more accurate predictions of prostate cancer survival. \Model~assigns weights to the training data according to their local kernel density in the feature space, and incorporates those weights into the partial likelihood function. A linear regression is then used to predict the actual survival times from the predicted risks. In \challengefull, \model~obtained the best average ranking in prediction accuracy on the risk and survival time. The success of \model~is remarkable given that it is one of the smallest and most interpretable models submitted to the challenge. In simulations, \model~performed consistently better than a standard Cox model when the training data contained many sparsely distributed outliers. Although developed for prostate cancer patients, \model~can be easily re-trained and applied to other survival analysis problems. \Model~is implemented in R and can be downloaded from
Issue Date:2018-07-16
Rights Information:Copyright 2018 Jinfeng Xiao
Date Available in IDEALS:2018-09-27
Date Deposited:2018-08

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