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Title:Development of GPR data analysis algorithms for predicting thin asphalt concrete overlay thickness and density
Author(s):Zhao, Shan
Director of Research:Al-Qadi, Imad L.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Al-Qadi, Imad L.
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Roesler, Jeffery R.; Popovics, John S; Ozer, Hasan; Leng, Zhen
Department / Program:Civil & Environmental Eng
Discipline:Civil Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Ground-penetrating radar
Signal processing
Abstract:Thin asphalt concrete (AC) overlay is a commonly used asphalt pavement maintenance strategy. The thickness and density of thin AC overlay are important to achieving proper pavement performance, which can be evaluated using ground-penetrating radar (GPR). The traditional methods for predicting pavement thickness and density relies on the accurate determination of electromagnetic (EM) signal reflection amplitude and time delay. Due to the limitation of GPR antenna bandwidth, the range resolution of the GPR signal is insufficient for thin pavement layer evaluation. To this end, the objective of this study is to develop signal processing techniques to increase the resolution of GPR signals, such that they can be applied to thin AC overlay evaluation. First, the generic GPR forward 2-D imaging scheme is discussed. Then two linear inversion techniques are proposed, including migration and sparse reconstruction. Both algorithms were validated on GPR signals reflected from buried pipes using finite difference time domain (FDTD) simulation. Second, as a special case of the 2-D GPR imaging and linear inversion reconstruction, regularized deconvolution was applied to GPR signals reflected from thin AC overlays. Four types of regularization methods, including Tikhonov regularization and total variation regularization, were compared in terms of accuracy in estimating thin pavement layer thickness. The L-curve method was used to identify the appropriate regularization parameter. A subspace method—a multiple signal classification (MUSIC) algorithm—was then utilized to increase the resolution of 3-D GPR signals. An extended common midpoint (XCMP) method was used to find the dielectric constant and the thickness of the thin AC overlay at a full-scale test section. The results show that the MUSIC algorithm is an effective approach for increasing the 3-D GPR signal range resolution when the XCMP method is applied on thin AC overlay. Furthermore, a non-linear inversion technique is proposed based on gradient descent. The proposed non-linear optimization algorithm was applied on real GPR data reflected from thin AC overlay and the thickness and density prediction results are accurate. Finally, a “modified reference scan” approach was developed to eliminate the effect of AC pavement surface moisture on GPR signals, such that the density of thin AC overlay can be monitored in real time during compaction.
Issue Date:2018-11-08
Rights Information:Copyright 2018 Shan Zhao
Date Available in IDEALS:2019-02-06
Date Deposited:2018-12

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