Files in this item

FilesDescriptionFormat

application/pdf

application/pdfSEO-THESIS-2018.pdf (2MB)
(no description provided)PDF

Description

Title:In situ investigation of electrochemical surface stress development in rechargeable batteries
Author(s):Seo, Yeong-Hui
Advisor(s):Gewirth, Andrew A.
Department / Program:Chemistry
Discipline:Chemistry
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:M.S.
Genre:Thesis
Subject(s):rechargeable batteries
lithium
sodium
electrochemical surface stress
Abstract:Rechargeable batteries are everywhere these days such as portable electric devices and electric vehicles. The global annual sales of electric vehicles are increasing, showing the rechargeable battery market is obviously getting bigger. Li-ion batteries are operated by an intercalation mechanism. Lithium ions shuttle reversibly between the cathode and anode during charging and discharging. Typically, intercalation cathodes deliver around one hundred to two hundred in specific capacity. The operating voltage is around three to five vs. lithium. The current inorganic-compound cathodes have several challenges such as limited reserves and harmfulness to the environment due to the toxic materials released from current inorganic complexes. In contrast to the harmful current cathodes, organic cathode materials enable access to metal-free, environmentally benign rechargeable energy systems. Poly (1,4-anthraquinone) (PAQ) was chosen as the cathode material for this research based on its high capacity and superstable cycle life. The reduction occurs as two reversible, continuous single-electron steps. PAQ was applied to the cathode vs. lithium and sodium. There are two types of stress evolutions arising from lithiation/sodiation and delithiation/desodiation. Accommodating metal ion process makes compressive stress whereas stripping metal ion process makes tensile stress. These two types of stress evolution was measured by employing in situ electrochemical stress measurement. Through the measurement, electrochemical property was analyzed thoroughly parallel with the change of stress and stress derivative. Obviously different behaviors of PAQ-composite cathode depend on lithium and sodium were analyzed.
Issue Date:2018-12-10
Type:Thesis
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/102503
Rights Information:Copyright 2018 Yeong-Hui Seo
Date Available in IDEALS:2019-02-06
Date Deposited:2018-12


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Item Statistics