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Title:From Soviet deficit to American inundation: Examining consumer attitudes toward country of origin and corporate social responsibility advertising strategies across cohorts in Ukraine
Author(s):Sobolev, Victoria
Advisor(s):Nelson, Michelle R.
Department / Program:Advertising
Discipline:Advertising
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:M.S.
Genre:Thesis
Subject(s):Corporate Social Responsibility
Bi-national products
Country of origin effects
Cohort
Ukraine
Transitional economy Procter & Gamble
Soviet Union
Purchase intention
Global Advertising Strategy
Abstract:Ukraine’s geopolitical position in Europe as a transitioning economy after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 has created a unique environment for globalization and consumer socialization due to the shift from communism to capitalism. As a result, global brands’ advertising strategies when entering the Ukrainian market have utilized a combination of local and global production and marketing efforts. Despite these efforts, this environment has not been studied thoroughly, especially with respect to how consumers perceive these marketing strategies. Therefore, this exploratory study fills the literature gap by investigating Ukrainian consumer attitudes toward two marketing strategies which can offer local and global elements: corporate social responsibility (CSR) and country of origin (COO) for bi-national products (products with two countries of origin), and discerning whether these attitudes influence purchase intentions. Procter & Gamble’s (P&G) business activities in Ukraine were used as a case study because of their strong advertising presence in this market, their ongoing CSR efforts in Ukraine, and their bi-national products. Due to Ukraine’s history as a communist country and the possible influences of communism on consumer socialization, this research compares Ukrainian consumer responses along generational lines in three cohorts: (1) those born /raised during the Soviet regime (1924-1963; ages 94-55); (2) those born /raised during the transition (1964-1983; ages 54-35): and (3) those born/raised after the Soviet regime (1984-2000; ages 34-18). The research was conducted via survey in Eastern Ukraine using a non-probability purposive sample. The findings indicate that Ukrainians have a slightly negative attitude toward Ukrainian country of manufacture, and there is no relationship between COO and purchase intention of P&G products. Furthermore, Ukrainian consumers scored just below the scale midpoint for ethnocentrism, and their open-ended responses also revealed that they believe that production practices in Ukraine may be compromised. Results of linear regressions show that there was a significantly positive relationship between ethnocentrism and purchase intention for Gala and Ariel. Findings suggest that Ukrainian consumers do not vary much along cohort lines in their attitudes toward COO and COO-based purchase intention. For CSR, Ukrainian consumers in this study were generally receptive to P&G’s CSR. However, the youngest cohort of Ukrainians indicated a more positive attitude toward CSR and a higher purchase intention for CSR-related products in general. Meanwhile, the oldest cohort had the least positive attitude toward P&G’s CSR efforts. The findings that Ukrainian consumers’ negative attitudes towards Ukrainian products and positive perceptions of Western products reflect previous studies on transitional economies . As a whole, the results suggest that Ukrainian consumers are aware of the difference between the country of branding and country of manufacture of P&G products. Additionally, the youngest cohort in particular are receptive to advertising strategies such as CSR.
Issue Date:2018-12-14
Type:Thesis
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/102516
Rights Information:Copyright 2018 Victoria Sobolev
Date Available in IDEALS:2019-02-06
Date Deposited:2018-12


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