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Title:Implications of Chinese and American mothers’ goals for children’s emotional distress: Investigation of a cultural transmission model
Author(s):Ng, Janice
Advisor(s):Pomerantz, Eva
Department / Program:Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
emotional distress
responses to performance
Abstract:This research examined a cultural transmission model in which differences in Chinese and American parents’ socialization goals foster differences in children’s emotional distress via parents’ responses to children’s performance. 397 Chinese and American mothers and their children (mean age = 13.19 years) participated in a 2-wave study spanning a year. Mothers reported on their self-improvement (i.e., children striving to improve) and self-worth (i.e., children feeling worthy) goals, as well as their responses to children’s performance. Children reported on their emotional distress (e.g., anxiety and depression). Chinese (vs. American) mothers’ greater endorsement of self-improvement goals predicted their more frequent use of failure-focused responses (e.g., highlighting children’s mistakes), which accounted for Chinese (vs. American) children’s heightened emotional distress over early adolescence.
Issue Date:2018-12-14
Rights Information:Copyright 2018 Janice Ng
Date Available in IDEALS:2019-02-08
Date Deposited:2018-12

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