Browse Research Projects -- Illinois Sustainable Technology Center by Title

  • Chandrasekaran, Sriraam; Sharma, B.K. (2015)
    According to the International Carbon Black Association, carbon black is virtually pure elemental carbon in the form of colloidal particles that are produced by incomplete combustion or thermal decomposition of gaseous or ...

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  • Zheng, Wei; Zhao, Ling (2014)
    During their lives, plants absorb massive amounts of carbon, which is then naturally released as CO2 into the atmosphere as plants decay. When plant matter is pyrolyzed and converted to biochar, some of the carbon is ...

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  • OBrien, Kevin C. (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2016-02)
    Presented at the 6th Carbon Dioxide Utilization Summit, Newark, NJ : February 24-25, 2016.

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  • Sharma, B.K.; Scott, John (2015)
    In an era of water and fuel insecurity, it is important to develop methods to both conserve water and produce fuels from non-petroleum sources. Innovative use of wastewater is part of the solution. Researchers have discovered ...

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  • Rajagopalan, Kishore (2013)
    Several options for dewatering fine coal and refuse are available to coal preparation plants to recover the coal material for reuse. However, cost-effective dewatering continues to be a technical and economic barrier to ...

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  • Stone, Mark E.; Scott, John W.; Schultz, Stephen T.; Berry, Denise L.; Wilcoxon, Monte; Piwoni, Marvin D.; Panno, Brent; Bordson, Gary (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2009)
    In drinking water treatments, a form of chlorine is used for disinfection so that bacteria do not contaminate pipes. Most drinking water treatment plants use chlorine (HOCl/OCl-), but some have switched to monochloramine ...

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  • Zheng, Wei; Rajagopalan, Kishore; Sharma, B.K. (2012)
    using waste coffee grounds to produce energy and lubricant products.

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  • Scott, John (2007)
    Lake Calumet in Illinois was a former glacial lake draining into Lake Michigan. After extensive industrialization and modifications to the area, it now drains to the Des Plaines River, which runs to the Mississippi River. ...

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  • Jiang, Junhua; Holm, Nancy (2013)
    Known as “agricultural residue,” corn cobs are typically left on the field after harvest and wasted. But if farmers collected corn cobs to sell as a carbon source, the farmer would earn a little extra income and the tech ...

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  • OBrien, Kevin C.; Lu, Yongqi; Patel, Vinod; Greenberg, Sallie; Locke, Randall; Larson, Michael; Krishnamurthy, Krish R.; Byron, Makini; Naumovitz, Joseph; Guth, David S.; Bennett, Stephen J. (Elsevier, 2017-07)
    The successful implementation of CCUS requires the confluence of technology, regulatory, and financial factors. One of the factors that impact this confluence is the ability to utilize and monetize captured CO2. The ...

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  • Li, Xiaolin; Zheng, Wei; Machesky, Michael L.; Yates, Scott R.; Katterhenry, Michael (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2011)
    ISTC’s senior research scientist Wei Zheng collaborated with researchers from the Illinois State Water Survey, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the University of Illinois to determine the degradation kinetics of ...

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  • Rajagopalan, Nandakishore; Wentz, J.E.; Kapoor, S.G.; DeVor, R.E. (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2006)
    Microfiltration can increase the service life of metalworking fluid by removing contaminants. However, membranes quickly become clogged, a process known as fouling. Anti-fouling methods in practice in the mid-2000s involved ...

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  • Kelly, John; Rosi-Marshall, Emma; Scott, John (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2015-02)
    In urban areas wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluent can represent a significant component of freshwater ecosystems, and WWTP effluent can be a point source for a variety of pollutants, including pharmaceuticals and ...

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  • Eppert, Joseph J.; DeVor, Richard E.; Kapoor, Shiv G.; Rajagopalan, Nandakishore (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2003)
    Some metalworking fluids are designed to coat the surfaces of newly machined metal with rust inhibitors. At some point, these inhibitors are expected to become depleted in the metalworking fluid. How quickly does this ...

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  • Stone, Mark E.; Kuehne, John C.; Cohen, Mark E.; Talbott, Jonathan L.; Scott, John W. (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2006)
    Dental amalgam is a mixture of mercury, silver, tin, and copper. Mercury typically makes up about 50% of it. The amalgam is used to provide the dental patient with a strong durable filling. Some of the dental amalgam may ...

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  • (2017)
    The Emerging Contaminants Consortium (formerly PPCPs Consortium) is hosted by the Illinois Sustainable Technology Center (ISTC) and is open to anyone who is currently conducting research on pharmaceuticals, personal care ...

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  • Rajagopalan, Nandakishore; Lindsey, Tim; Skerlos, Steven J. (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2001)
    The use of ultrafiltration (UF) applications with alkaline cleaners was a common practice as of 2001, but at the time UF was still susceptible to fouling and stripping out active agents from the cleaners. ISTC’s Kishore ...

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  • Holm, Nancy; Meschewski, Elizabeth; Sharma, B.K.; Spokas, Kurt; Kelly, John (2013)
    Researchers Nancy Holm, Elizabeth Meschewski, and B.K. Sharma of ISTC along with Kurt Spokas – U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, St. Paul, MN – and Lacy Walsh, ISTC’s 2013 Summer Intern from ...

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  • Rajagopalan, Nandakishore; Menniti, Adrienne; Kramer, Timothy A.; Clark, Mark M. (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2005)
    Metalworking fluids are used for cooling, lubrication, and corrosion control in the metal products industry. As of the mid-2000s, many manufacturers were using filtration or centrifugal systems to remove impurities from ...

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  • Zheng, Wei; Li, Xiaolin; Machesky, Michael; Yates, Scott R.; Katterhenry, Michael; Bradford, Scott A.; Kelly, Walton R.; Zou, Yonghong (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2013)
    Concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) have been identified as one of the most important sources for the release of animal hormones and veterinary antibiotics into the aquatic environment. Funded by a USDA research ...

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