Browse Research Projects -- Illinois Sustainable Technology Center by Title

  • Gear Oil 
    Sharma, B.K. (2012)
    Gear oil is an important industrial lubricant. If stable and high-quality bio-based gear oils and additives can be developed, petroleum-based lubricants may be a thing of the past. Researchers, including ISTC’s Dr. B.K. ...

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  • Sharma, B.K.; Vardon, Derek (2014)
    Green diesel, or renewable diesel-grade hydrocarbons, can be produced from microalgae, waste grease, or other lipid-rich feedstocks. Green diesel consumes less fossil fuel and produces fewer greenhouse gas emissions than ...

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  • Sharma, B.K.; Scott, John; Kunwar, Bidhya (2014)
    Petroleum-based industrial lubricants present undesirable environmental and health effects, including toxicity to wildlife and humans, as well as poor biodegradability. Therefore, there is a growing interest in developing ...

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  • Rajagopalan, Nandakishore; Greeley, M. (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2003)
    Kishore Rajagopalan and his colleague explored how contaminants like tramp oils and salts impact the productivity of recycled metalworking fluids. They found that metalworking fluids had no losses in cooling and lubricating ...

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  • Rajagopalan, Nandakishore; Skerlos, Steven J.; DeVor, Richard E.; Kapoor, Shiv G.; Angspatt, V. Don (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 1999)
    A ceramic membrane filtration system can be an effective tool to increase the lifespan of medalworking fluids and reduce biological hazards. However, the usefulness of the membranes may be reduced by different additives ...

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  • Sharma, B.K. (2009)
    Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) grows in the arid southwestern United States. A thick wax on the outside of the plant and in its seeds helps the plants conserve water, but that's not the only thing it's good for. The wax ...

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  • Taylor, Steven J.; Kelly, Walton R.; Panno, Samuel V.; Weck, Robert; Zheng, W.; Zhang, Y.; Liu, W.-T. (Illinois Natural History Survey, Prairie Research Institute, University of Illinois, 2014-07-09)
    The objective of this study was to provide data to help address the following questions: Have land use practices become safer for the environment and ...

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  • OBrien, Kevin C. (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2017)
    The work summarized in this report is the first step towards a project that will re-train and create jobs for personnel in the coal industry and continue regional economic development to benefit regions impacted by previous ...

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  • Zheng, Wei; Holm, Nancy; Meschewski, Beth (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2013)
    In spring 2013, ISTC became involved as a partner with a new program in Champaign Country which collects old and unwanted drugs to keep them out of landfills, or to keep them from being flushed down the toilet. The project ...

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  • Scott, John; Zheng, Wei; Holm, Nancy; Panno, S.V.; Kelly, W.R.; McNeish, R.E.; Hoellein, T.J.; Baranski, E.L. (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2018)
    Low concentrations of microplastics are present in Illinois’ karst groundwater, according to a preliminary study completed in spring 2018. This is the first time that microplastics have been detected in groundwater. The ...

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  • Sharma, B.K.; Rajagopalan, Kishore (2010)

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  • Eppert, Joseph J.; Rajagopalan, Nandakishore; DeVor, Richard E.; Kapoor, Shiv G. (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2003)
    Metalworking fluids are designed to perform specified tasks in the factory. However, these fluids can become contaminated during the manufacturing process by other factory components such as tramp oil. As more and more ...

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  • Zheng, Wei; Scott, John W.; Holm, Nancy; Machesky, Michael L. (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2018-11)
    Agricultural fields in the Midwestern United States are commonly tile-drained. This drainage system is used to remove excess water from the soil profile to increase crop production and promote soil conservation. However, ...

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  • Zheng, Wei; Li, Xiaolin; Kelly, Walton R. (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2012)
    With an increasing population in rural areas, the use of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) and naturally produced steroid hormones is also increasing. However, rural wastewater treatment plants were not ...

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  • Sharma, B.K. (2010)
    Until recently, the oils in common beans (black, kidney, pinto, and great northern) have been largely overlooked since they exist in much lower quantities than the oils in sunflower, soybean, corn, and other seeds.

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  • (2015)
    The ISTC Grant Program funded the following projects in fiscal years 2015 and 2016 in conjunction with ISTC’s goal of saving Illinois one billion gallons of water. Results of the projects will be shared via case studies, ...

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  • Illinois Sustainable Technology Center (2014)
    Besides the well-known alternative energy categories such as wind/solar energy and biofuels/biodiesel, alternative energy also includes chemically stored electricity in batteries, capacitors, and fuel cells that could be ...

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  • Wentz, John E.; Kapoor, Shiv G.; DeVor, Richard E.; Rajagopalan, Nandakishore (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2008)
    ISTC’s Kishore Rajagopalan and colleagues from the University of Illinois discovered that partial blocking of pore spaces from microemulsion aggregation was a new fouling mechanism leading to total pore space blocking and ...

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