Browse Research Projects -- Illinois Sustainable Technology Center by Title

  • Sharma, B.K.; Rajagopalan, Kishore; Juvik, J.A. (2015)
    A number of annual and perennial grasses, herbaceous crops, and trees have been identified as sources of lignocellulosic biomass.

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  • Allender, Matthew C.; Dreslik, Michael J.; Patel, Bishap; Luber, Elizabeth L.; Byrd, John; Phillips, Christopher A.; Scott, John W. (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2015)
    The Eastern box turtle has been proposed as a biomonitor because it is long lived, relies on the environment for food and water, and has a small home range. To establish this designation, ISTC partnered with the Illinois ...

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  • Holm, Thomas R.; Machesky, Michael L.; Scott, John W. (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2014-12)
    Biochars were produced by slow pyrolysis of corn stover under a nitrogen atmosphere at 450°, 550°, and 750°C. The chars were subjected to artificial aging, i.e., repeatedly freezing and thawing or incubating moist char at ...

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  • Zheng, Wei; Guo, Mingxin; Chow, Teresa; Bennett, Douglas N.; Rajagopalan, Nandakishore (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2010)
    This work by ISTC’s Wei Zheng and Kishore Rajagopalan and collaborators from Delaware State University provides innovative solutions for producing energy and food in a sustainable environment. Renewable energy can be ...

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  • Small, Brian; Rajagopalan, Nandakishore; Quagrainie, Kwamena (2015)
    A considerable quantity of saline water is available in Illinois to support the needs of a marine aquaculture industry. The sources vary from isolated, deep rock aquifers to industrial effluents. In the present study, ...

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  • Rajagopalan, Kishore; Sharma, B.K.; Zheng, Wei (2010)
    The scientists investigated a way to turn the biochar into a value-added product.

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  • Jiang, Junhua; Holm, Nancy; Zheng, Lei; Chen, Fangling (2014)
    Both the mini-chunk and thin-film electrodes proved to have good capacitive performance (~30 F g-1) in two symmetrical electrode supercapacitors and no degradation after 2,600 CV cycles.

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  • Zheng, Wei; Yates, Scott R.; Papiernik, Sharon K. (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2008)
    Little is known about how popular herbicides react and degrade in soil or aquatic environments. Two of these herbicides include Pyrazosulfuron Ethyl (PE) and Halosulfuron Methyl (HM), which are part of the sulfonylurea ...

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  • Scott, John W. (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2014)
    Major advances in the medical field have shortened surgical recovery times from weeks to only a few days. Reducing the size of the surgical incision is one key to this breakthrough. However, to decrease the incision size, ...

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  • Rajagopalan, Nandakishore; Deluhery, Jennifer (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2005)
    Metalworking fluids are an emulsion of oil in water. The emulsion stability goes down with increased harness ions such as calcium and magnesium. Typical tests for emulsion stability involve the determination of oil losses ...

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  • Sharma, B.K. (2013)
    Turnips may not be much to look at, but researchers have discovered that their seeds are bursting with inedible oils that are suitable for use in biodiesel production.

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  • Sharma, B.K.; Rajagopalan, Kishore; Vardon, Derek; Strathmann, Timothy (2012)

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  • Zheng, Wei; WIles, Kelsey N.; Holm, Nancy; Deppe, Nathan A.; Shipley, Clinton R. (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2013)
    A team led by Wei Zheng, senior research scientist at ISTC, investigated whether our food is at risk of accumulating PPCPs when irrigated with wastewater from concentrated animal feedlot operations (CAFOs) and wastewater ...

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  • Ramachandran, Divya; Singh, Vijay; Rajagopalan, Kishore; Strathmann, Timothy J. (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2013-03)
    The bioethanol industry exerts a significant demand on water supplies. Current water consumption rate in corn dry grind ethanol plants is 3 to 4 gallons of water per gallon of ethanol produced (gal/gal) and 6 to 10 gal/gal ...

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  • Zheng, Wei; Sharma, B.K.; Rajagopalan, Nandakishore (2010-12)
    Biochar is a charred carbon-enriched material intended to be used as a soil amendment to sequester carbon and enhance soil quality. Sustainable biochar is produced from waste biomass using modern thermochemcial technologies. ...

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  • Pickowitz, Joe; McDonald's; University of Illinois Dining Hall (2012)
    ISTC's research engineer and team collaborated with the McDonald's Corporation and the University of Illinois Dining Halls to convert used frying oil to biodiesel and soap.

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  • Sharma, B.K.; Rajagopalan, Kishore (2014)
    converting waste plastics to the oil they started as and then converting that oil to fuels.

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  • Sharma, B.K.; Scott, John (2011)

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  • Sharma, B.K.; Schideman, Lance (2013)
    grow algae in wastewater to remove excess nutrients and contaminants of emerging concern. then converting that algae to bio-oil and biodiesel

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  • Jiang, Junhua; Zhang, Lei; Wang, Xinying (2013)
    ISTC researchers investigated the use of wood biochar in supercapacitors.

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