Browse Research Projects -- Illinois Sustainable Technology Center by Author "Sharma, B.K."

  • Sharma, B.K. (Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2018)
    Recycled materials such as reclaimed asphalt pavement and recycled asphalt shingles are commonly used with new pavement to cut costs. However, the recycled materials tend to become brittle faster, cracking and aging more ...

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  • Larson, Richard A.; Sharma, B.K. (Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2015-05)
    Phenolic compounds with antioxidant activity toward soybean-derived fatty acid methyl esters (SME, used as a model for biodiesel) were obtained by pyrolysis from wood (birch hardwood), corn stover, and lignin. The lignins ...

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  • Sharma, B.K.; Scott, John; Rajagopalan, Kishore (2011)
    ISTC researchers, B.K. Sharma, John Scott, and Kishore Rajagopalan, developed new analytical methods for the rapid identification and characterization of neutral lipids in the oil extracts of algae. They also studied the ...

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  • Sharma, B.K.; Chandrasekaran, Sriraam (Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2018)
    The team has successfully demonstrated this new solvent process with small quantities at the lab scale and has produced polymers with comparable quality to their virgin-material counterparts.

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  • Sharma, B.K. (2015)
    Besides fuels, petroleum is used in a wide variety of items including plastics, construction adhesives, asphalt, lubricants, chemicals, and waxes. With petroleum being a limited resource, researchers are interested in ...

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  • Chandrasekaran, Sriraam; Sharma, B.K. (2015)
    According to the International Carbon Black Association, carbon black is virtually pure elemental carbon in the form of colloidal particles that are produced by incomplete combustion or thermal decomposition of gaseous or ...

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  • Sharma, B.K.; Scott, John (2015)
    In an era of water and fuel insecurity, it is important to develop methods to both conserve water and produce fuels from non-petroleum sources. Innovative use of wastewater is part of the solution. Researchers have discovered ...

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  • Zheng, Wei; Rajagopalan, Kishore; Sharma, B.K. (2012)
    using waste coffee grounds to produce energy and lubricant products.

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  • Holm, Nancy; Meschewski, Elizabeth; Sharma, B.K.; Spokas, Kurt; Kelly, John (2013)
    Researchers Nancy Holm, Elizabeth Meschewski, and B.K. Sharma of ISTC along with Kurt Spokas – U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, St. Paul, MN – and Lacy Walsh, ISTC’s 2013 Summer Intern from ...

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  • Gear Oil 
    Sharma, B.K. (2012)
    Gear oil is an important industrial lubricant. If stable and high-quality bio-based gear oils and additives can be developed, petroleum-based lubricants may be a thing of the past. Researchers, including ISTC’s Dr. B.K. ...

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  • Sharma, B.K.; Vardon, Derek (2014)
    Green diesel, or renewable diesel-grade hydrocarbons, can be produced from microalgae, waste grease, or other lipid-rich feedstocks. Green diesel consumes less fossil fuel and produces fewer greenhouse gas emissions than ...

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  • Sharma, B.K.; Scott, John; Kunwar, Bidhya (2014)
    Petroleum-based industrial lubricants present undesirable environmental and health effects, including toxicity to wildlife and humans, as well as poor biodegradability. Therefore, there is a growing interest in developing ...

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  • Sharma, B.K. (2009)
    Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) grows in the arid southwestern United States. A thick wax on the outside of the plant and in its seeds helps the plants conserve water, but that's not the only thing it's good for. The wax ...

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  • Sharma, B.K.; Rajagopalan, Kishore (2010)

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  • Sharma, B.K. (Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2018)
    Oil spills have been reduced drastically since the 1970s (from 200 thousand tonnes to 7,000 tonnes) with advancements in the shipping industry and improvements in equipment, safety, and new policies and regulations. Even ...

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  • Sharma, B.K. (Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2018)
    Most biocrude oil is of poor quality due to the presence of 1-6% nitrogen and 10-30% oxygen, depending on the feedstock and production process used. Because of this, refineries are not willing to co-process the biocrude ...

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  • Sharma, B.K. (Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, 2019)
    It currently takes more energy to break down lignin—the cementing agent that binds the matrix of cellulose fibers of tough plant cell walls—than it is worth. However, ISTC has developed a novel catalyst that has shown ...

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  • Sharma, B.K. (2010)
    Until recently, the oils in common beans (black, kidney, pinto, and great northern) have been largely overlooked since they exist in much lower quantities than the oils in sunflower, soybean, corn, and other seeds.

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