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Title:Olivocochlear efferent contributions to speech-in-noise recognition across signal-to noise ratios
Author(s):Mertes, Ian B.; Johnson, Kristin M.; Dinger, Zoë A.
Subject(s):auditory efferent system
hearing in noise
otoacoustic emissions
Abstract:The medial olivocochlear (MOC) efferent system modifies cochlear output to aid signal detection in noise, but the precise role of efferents in speech-in-noise understanding remains unclear. The current study examined the contribution of the MOC reflex for speech recognition in noise in 30 normal-hearing young adults (27 females, mean age = 22.7 yr). The MOC reflex was assessed using contralateral inhibition of transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions. Speech-in-noise perception was evaluated using the coordinate response measure presented in ipsilateral speech-shaped noise at signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) ranging from −12 to 0 dB. Performance was assessed without and with the presence of contralateral noise to activate the MOC reflex. Performance was significantly better with contralateral noise only at the lowest SNR. There was a trend of better performance with increasing contralateral inhibition at the lowest SNR. Threshold of the psychometric function was significantly correlated with contralateral inhibition. Response time on the speech task was not significantly correlated with contralateral inhibition. Results suggest that the MOC reflex contributes to listening in low SNRs and the relationship between the MOC reflex and perception is highly dependent upon the task characteristics.
Issue Date:2019
Citation Info:Mertes, I. B., Johnson, K. M., & Dinger, Z. A. (2019). Olivocochlear efferent contributions to speech-in-noise recognition across signal-to-noise ratios. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 145(3), 1529-1540.
Sponsor:American Speech-Language-Hearing Foundation (2017 New Investigators Research Grant)
Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (Arnold O. Beckman Award)
Date Available in IDEALS:2019-03-27

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