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Title:Evaluation of Adaptive Signal Control Technology - Volume 3: Comparison of TBC 2017 and ASCT 2017
Author(s):Benekohal, Rahim F.; Garshasebi, Behnoush; Jeon, Hongjae; Shang, Mingfeng
Subject(s):Adaptive traffic signals
signalized intersections
corridor travel time
traffic coordination
field data on delay
queue length
saturation flow
signal timing
Abstract:Data were collected at five intersections along the Neil Street corridor in Champaign, Illinois, before deployment of SynchroGreen, an adaptive signal control technology (ASCT). The volume, delay, and queue length data from the field for TBC (time based coordination) 2017 conditions were compared to the data from ASCT (adaptive signal control technology) 2017 conditions, at the 97% confidence level. The field volumes were compared for 57 lane groups (approaches). Traffic volume on 7% of the lane groups significantly increased, on 72% remained unchanged, and on only 21% significantly decreased. Stopped delays increased in 56% of the cases, remained unchanged in 40%, and decreased in 4%. Queue length increased in 35% of the cases and remained unchanged in 65%. To determine ASCT performance, the changes in volume, delay, and queue length combined were considered. An overall performance indicator (PI) was determined for each approach of each intersection at each time period. The performance indicators were Imp (Improved), Unch (Unchanged), and Det (Deteriorated), with 91% confidence. One lane group was excluded from further analysis due to insufficient volume; of the 56 lane groups analyzed, 5% showed improvement, 32% remained unchanged, and 63% (35 cases) showed deterioration. Out of 35 cases, deterioration in 20 cases could be explained by contributing factors such as frequency of unfavorable arrival types under ASCT 2017, as compared to TBC 2017; a few cases of volume increase under ASCT 2017; ASCT miscount of traffic volumes; signal timing changes under ASCT 2017; and increased proportion of vehicles stopped under ASCT 2017. However, in the 15 remaining cases, there was no reasonable explanation for the PI deteriorations when ASCT was operating
Issue Date:2019-03
Publisher:Illinois Center for Transportation/Illinois Department of Transportation
Citation Info:Benekohal, Rahim F., Behnoush Garshasebi, Hongjae Jeon, and Mingfeng Shang. 2019. Evaluation of Adaptive Signal Control Technology - Volume 3: Comparison of TBC 2017 and ASCT 2017. A report of the findings of ICT-R27-127. Illinois Center for Transportation Series No. 19-004. Research Report No . FHWA-ICT-19-003. Illinois Center for Transportation, Rantoul IL.
Genre:Technical Report
Rights Information:No restrictions. This document is available through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161.
Date Available in IDEALS:2019-03-29

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