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Title:Reconstruction of urban radiation landscape using machine learning methods
Author(s):Liu, Zheng
Director of Research:Abbaszadeh, Shiva
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Abbaszadeh, Shiva
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Uddin, Rizwan; Kozlowski, Tomasz; He, Niao; Sullivan, Clair Julia
Department / Program:Nuclear, Plasma, & Rad Engr
Discipline:Nuclear, Plasma, Radiolgc Engr
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):radiation detection
mobile detector
sensor network
anomalous radiation source detection
reinforcement learning
machine learning
maximum likelihood estimation
Abstract:Efficiently monitoring a geographic region's radiation level and detecting anomalous radiation sources is an essential issue in homeland security. This task includes identifying illicit movement of special nuclear material, locating unusual radioactive events, and estimating the intensity of radioactive sources to name a few. Besides those anomalous radiation sources, there is naturally occurring radioactive material presented in air, soil and building materials. Radiation emitted from those materials compose the background radiation, which fluctuates in both space and time. The urban radiation landscape consists of the anomalous radiation sources and the background radiation. In this thesis, we present our work on reconstructing the urban radiation landscape using mobile sensor networks, which has two interconnected focuses. One is to model the background radiation; the other is to detect and search for anomalous radiation sources. Modeling of background radiation is conducted in two steps: retrospective modeling and prospective modeling. The retrospective modeling focuses on estimating visited positions’ radiation intensities, in which a maximum likelihood estimation method is developed to decouple and estimate temporal fluctuation and spatial distribution of background radiation. The prospective modeling focuses on predicting background radiation intensities, in which the Gaussian process regression is applied to predict unvisited positions' background spatial distributions, and recurrent neural network models are trained to predict future background temporal fluctuations. An integrated anomalous radiation source detection algorithm is developed to detect radiation sources in urban radiation landscape. Background radiation models are combined in the algorithm to eliminate false alarms produced by high background regions and temporal background fluctuations. A double Q-learning based anomalous source searching algorithm is investigated to navigate the detector searching for sources.
Issue Date:2019-04-17
Rights Information:Copyright 2019 Zheng Liu
Date Available in IDEALS:2019-08-23
Date Deposited:2019-05

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