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Title:Multispectral optical depth measurements in post-detonation high explosive fireballs
Author(s):Lodes, Rylie Patrick
Advisor(s):Glumac, Nick G.
Department / Program:Mechanical Sci & Engineering
Discipline:Mechanical Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Optical depth
High explosive
Laser attenuation
Laser absorption
Laser scattering
Abstract:Temporally and spectrally resolved optical depth measurements were made in post-detonation fireballs from five different high explosives. PETN, HMX-based PBXN-5, RDX, an 80% RDX/20% aluminum mixture, and PETN-based Primasheet 1000 explosives were detonated in a 2.18L explosive test chamber. Charges were 125mg or 250mg explosive output pellets, each detonated by an 80mg low density PETN initiating charge. The charge configurations were based on a modified RP-80 exploding bridgewire (EBW) detonator, which is manufactured by Teledyne RISI. Five laser wavelengths were studied which cover the visible through long-wave infrared region of the spectrum. These 405nm, 532nm, 650nm, 1310nm and 9600nm lasers were used to probe the post-detonation fireballs for the first 5ms after initiation. The two charge masses were studied to understand how optical depth scales with charge mass for the same confinement volume. Data for the optical depth and wavelength and explosive composition are presented and discussed. The spectral dependence on optical depth scaled approximately as λ^(-1), which departed from the expected λ^(-4) dependence from light scattering alone. This result suggests that there is significant broadband absorption of light, in addition to scattering, through the explosive fireball. The results of this study have important implications in the interpretation of optical data collected during explosive events, as well as in the design of future experiments. The penetration depth of light through an optically dense fireball scales with wavelength and is dependent on the explosive used. It can be concluded from the data presented herein what portion of the fireball one is measuring in emission for a given high explosive, wavelength, and also how that portion changes with charge mass in confined or unconfined blasts.
Issue Date:2019-04-25
Rights Information:Copyright 2019 Rylie Patrick Lodes
Date Available in IDEALS:2019-08-23
Date Deposited:2019-05

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