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Title:Wireless sensing: Material identification and localization
Author(s):Dhekne, Ashutosh Makrand
Director of Research:Roy Choudhury, Romit
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Roy Choudhury, Romit
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Nahrstedt, Klara; Godfrey, Philip B; Sundaresan, Karthikeyan; Lane, Nicholas
Department / Program:Computer Science
Discipline:Computer Science
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Wireless Sensing, Localization, Material Identification, UWB, ultra-wideband, Liquid Identification, Sports Analytics, IoT for Sports, Mobile Computing, Drones, UAV,
Abstract:Wireless signals are everywhere around us, and they have truly revolutionized the world by all standards. When one thinks of this revolution, one envisions the advances in wireless communication—TV broadcasts, FM radios, WiFi, Bluetooth, cellular mobile phones, and even wireless chips inside the human body. What gets less appreciated, however, is that wireless signals can also be a powerful sensor. The fact that wireless signals touch and penetrate all objects in our environment, and bounce back, make them a powerful lens to view our world through. This thesis focuses on using wireless signals as sensors. We will explore how modifications to wireless signal propagation can reveal the physical properties of the materials that these signals have passed through. This enables identification of materials without touching them or performing any chemical analysis on them. We will show the ability to distinguish between closely related liquids, such as Pepsi and Coca-Cola, or distilled water and mineral water, by simply passing wireless signals through the liquids, and analyzing the signals that emerge on the other side. The propagation delay of wireless signals when passing through air can reveal the distance between a transmitter and a receiver. We show how this primitive can be extended for localization with applications to sports, battlefields, and emergency response. Through modifications to the distance measurement mechanisms, we show how localization is possible even when wireless devices are constantly under motion. We end by discussing future directions in which both of these sensing techniques can be extended. Under the right conditions, it might be possible to localize an object to 5mm precision with applications in robotic machines, augmented reality, and virtual reality. We then discuss the possibility of using reflections of wireless signals, for example, to determine soil moisture content in agricultural fields.
Issue Date:2019-07-12
Type:Text
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/105676
Rights Information:2019 Ashutosh Makrand Dhekne
Date Available in IDEALS:2019-11-26
Date Deposited:2019-08


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