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Title:Interactions in public spaces during community-based instruction
Author(s):Hopkins, Shari L.
Director of Research:Dymond, Stacy K
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Dymond, Stacy K
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Meadan-Kaplansky, Hedda; Bresler, Liora; Biggs, Elizabeth
Department / Program:Special Education
Discipline:Special Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):severe disabilities
community-based instruction
interactions
inclusion
Abstract:In education, the use of community-based instruction (CBI) is a recommended practice for learning skills that promote the ability of students with severe disabilities to participate more fully in their communities. Although studies have investigated the effectiveness of CBI in acquiring and generalizing community skills, research has yet to investigate interactions during CBI. This exploratory qualitative study incorporated aspects of case-study and ethnographic methodologies to understand how eight high school students with severe disabilities interacted with others (e.g., community members, peers, school staff) during CBI and how contextual factors (i.e., activity, setting, supports) influenced their interactions. Data were collected through observations of students during CBI, and interviews with special education teachers and paraprofessionals who delivered instruction. Findings indicated that students primarily interacted with others by (a) participating in instructional interactions, (b) getting their needs met, and (c) engaging in social exchanges. The most significant contextual factors influencing how students interacted were (a) availability of supports, (b) purpose of activity, and (c) being recognized in the setting. Findings from the study will increase our understanding about the potential opportunities for interactions during CBI and how school staff can support students to interact with others.
Issue Date:2019-06-26
Type:Text
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/105877
Rights Information:Copyright 2019 Shari Hopkins
Date Available in IDEALS:2019-11-26
Date Deposited:2019-08


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