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Title:Psycho-social correlates of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) among older adults: A multivariate analysis
Author(s):Lee, Sunwoo; Lee, Chungsup; An, Jaesung
Subject(s):Leisure-time physical activity (LTPA)
Psycho-social correlates
Positive mindset
Physical activity promotion


Still, a considerable number of older adults hardly meet the daily physical activity recommendation. The current study examined how the elderly’s attitudinal and perceptional aspects were associated with their Leisure-Time Physical Activity (LTPA) participation in order to provide insight into the physical activity promotion.


Study used a total sample of 10,700 older adults aged 65+ drawn from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) 2014–2015 in USA. Multiple questionnaire items were employed to assess older adults’ attitudes and outlook across different life domains. LTPA participation was measured using two indicators—walking and sports/exercise. A technique of adjusted multivariate analysis was employed to examine the relationships between predictors and outcome variables.


Results indicated that psychosocial indicators were significantly associated with older adults’ LTPA: self-perception of ageing, self-efficacy, intrinsic motivation, spiritual engagement, perceived social tie and neighbourhood safety; while measures of perceived social relations and neighbourhood safety demonstrated different associations with walking and sports/exercise on its intensity.


Health professionals should be well-informed about psychosocial roles, either as facilitators or constraints, in older adults’ physical activity participation. Incorporation of psychosocial intervention into physical activity promotion can help older adults develop positive attitudes and inner strength linked to their health behaviour.

Issue Date:2020-03-04
Publisher:BMC. SpringerNature.
Citation Info:Lee, S., Lee, C. & An, J. Psycho-social correlates of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) among older adults: a multivariate analysis. Eur Rev Aging Phys Act 17, 6 (2020).
Series/Report:European Review of Aging and Physical Activity; vol. 17, no. 6, 2020
Sponsor:SL was funded by The Czech Science Foundation (19-11418Y GAČR).
Rights Information:Copyright 2020 Sunwoo Lee, Chungsup Lee, and Jaesung An
Date Available in IDEALS:2020-03-09

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