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Title:Polymer Assisted Forward Osmosis for Desalination and Water Reuse
Author(s):Wang, Xinying
Subject(s):water reuse
forward osmosis
reverse osmosis
water treatment
Abstract:Xinying Wang - Chemical Engineer, Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, Prairie Research Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Forward osmosis (FO) for dewatering/desalination applications has received increasing interest due to its potential use of low grade thermal energy, ability to operate at low pressure, and reduced tendency to foul. Developments in FO are primarily focused on two areas: (a) expanding the availability of draw solutions that generate high osmotic pressure are easily separated from water using physical and/or chemical means; are non-corrosive, nontoxic, and chemically stable; exhibit near neutral pH; and are inexpensive and (b) developing membranes that exhibit high flux and suitable salt rejection under FO conditions. In this presentation Dr. Wang focused on the challenges of draw solution utilization and regeneration. Dr. Wang talked about a forward osmosis desalination process that employs a temperature-reversible polymer to recycle the draw solute. In his work, a high concentration MgSO4 solution is used as draw solution. After forward osmosis, the diluted draw solution is mixed with a thermally-reversible polymer, poly (propyleneoxide) -co-poly (ethyleneoxide). This polymer extracts water from the diluted draw solution and the whole solution forms two phases, a polymer-water phase and a concentrated MgSO4 solution phase (bottom). The bottom MgSO4 solution phase is recycled back to the forward osmosis module, while the polymer-water phase is heated above the polymer's cloudy point (60°C) to recycle the polymer and to produce clean water. Experimental details on the process presented.
Issue Date:2013-09-12
Series/Report:Sustainable Seminar Series
Genre:Presentation / Lecture / Speech
Date Available in IDEALS:2020-04-09

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