Note:This scholarly essay is part of a research project submitted in partial fulfillment of the degree of Doctor of Musical Arts in the School of Music. The project also involved the preparation and performance of two lecture recitals related to the essay topic.

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Title:A survey of Paris Conservatoire contest solos for oboe from 1942-1957: A performer's guide
Author(s):Wilbert, Aaron
Advisor(s):Peterson, Elizabeth
Contributor(s):Dee, John; McGovern, Timothy; Mattax Moersch, Charlotte
Department / Program:School of Music
Discipline:Music
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:A.Mus.D. (doctoral)
Subject(s):Paris Conservatoire
Concours
oboe
Henri Büsser
Henri Dutilleux
Jean-Michel Damase
Pierre Sancan
Pierre Bajeux
Abstract:The Paris Conservatoire (est. 1795) is the oldest music school in the world that is still in existence, and throughout its history has provided a government-subsidized education for musicians intended for professional careers in France and the rest of Europe. The ideals set by its founders have remained in effect to the present day, and conservatories around the world have looked to the Paris Conservatoire model. The year 1797 marked the beginning of the annual concours (contest) for students at the Conservatoire. Students performed a piece of music written solely for the concours and competed for the right to graduate. There are no records listing the solos de concours from the early years of the concours; a documented account of solos began in 1824. In those early years of the concours, works were usually written by the applied instrument professors. During the turn of the century, specifically 1898, a program began at the Conservatoire to commission French composers to write solo works for the examinations. The many works commissioned for the wind instrument concours through this program have greatly expanded the contemporary repertoire for each instrument. This study focuses on a survey of four works presented for the solos de concours during the tenure of oboe professor Pierre Bajeux (1942-1959). These works are: Pièce en si bémol, Op. 22 (1901) by Henri Büsser, Sonate pour hautbois et piano (1947) by Henri Dutilleux, Rhapsodie pour hautbois et piano, Op. 6 (1948) by Jean-Michel Damase, and Sonatine pour hautbois et piano (1957) by Pierre Sancan. This paper contains two main sections: 1) a brief history of the Paris Conservatoire and the concours, and 2) biographical information about the composers, a performance guide to their pieces, and an appendix of the collection of solos de concours from 1824- 2000.
Issue Date:2020
Publisher:School of Music, College of Fine and Applied Arts, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Genre:Essay
Type:Text
Image
Language:English
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/106971
Rights Information:Copyright 2020 Aaron Wilbert
Date Available in IDEALS:2020-05-01


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