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 Title: CHARACTERIZATION OF Ca2 THROUGH RESONANT EXCITATION AND DISPERSED LASER-INDUCED FLUORESCENCE (LIF) SPECTROSCOPY Author(s): Schmitz, Joel R Contributor(s): Heaven, Michael ; Bresler, Sean Michael Subject(s): Electronic structure, potential energy surfaces Abstract: Alkali earth metal dimers, specifically Ca$_{2}$, are of theoretical interest [1,2] due to their weakly bound X$^{1}$$\Sigma$$_{g}$ ground state, arising from a fully occupied anti-bonding $\sigma$$_{u} molecular orbital. Experimentally, alkali earth metals are of interest for ultra-cold chemical and physics applications. Due to their similar electronic structure to that of alkali metal atoms, alkali earth metal ions can be laser-cooled and readily formed in Coulomb crystals[3,4]. By inducing reactions, molecular ions can be generated within the Coulomb crystal, where they are translationally cooled by the surrounding atomic ions. Photodissociation techniques can then be used to detect the molecular ions via depletion. In the case of Ca_{2}$$^{+}$, there are few available spectroscopic data that can be used to determine the frequencies of vibronic transitions that could be intermediates for photodissociation spectroscopy. To obtain such information, the neutral Ca$_{2}$ dimer should be spectroscopically characterized in greater detail. Previous spectroscopic efforts have observed vibronic emissions from the strongly perturbed A$^{1}$$\Sigma$$_{u}$ and B$^{1}$$\Sigma$$_{u}$ states to the ground state[1]. In this work, Ca$_{2}$ was created through laser ablation and supersonic expansion techniques, jet-cooled to 4K. Using an excimer-pumped dye laser, resonant and dispersed laser-induced fluorescence (LIF, DLIF) were performed. Dispersed LIF was detected by sending the fluorescence through a monochromator and detecting dispersed fluorescence with a photomultiplier tube (PMT). Lifetimes of emitting states were also measured. For the first time, the c$^{3}$$\Pi$$_{u}$-X$^{1}$$\Sigma$$_{g}$ vibronic transitions of Ca$_{2}$ were experimentally observed. Using DLIF, vibrational sequences in the X$^{1}$$\Sigma$$_{g}$ state were observed, confirming X$^{1}$$\Sigma$$_{g}$ as the emission’s lower state. [1] Bondybey, V. et al. Chem. Phys. Lett. 1984, 111, 195 [2] Allard, O. et al. Eur. Phys. J. D 2005, 35, 483 [3] Nguyen, J. et al. New. J. Phys. 2011, 13, 063023 [4] Calvin, A. et al. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2018, 9, 5797 Issue Date: 26-Jun-20 Publisher: International Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy Citation Info: APS Genre: CONFERENCE PAPER/PRESENTATION Type: Text Language: English URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/107695 Date Available in IDEALS: 2020-06-26
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