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Title:Multivariate optimization of neighborhood scale problems for economic, environmental, and social sustainability
Author(s):Mosey, Grant Norman
Director of Research:Deal, Brain
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Deal, Brain
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Boubekri, Mohamed; Strand, Richard K.; Yi, Yun Kyu
Department / Program:Architecture
Discipline:Architecture
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Optimization
Sustainability
Multivariate
Urban Design
Tall Buildings
Megaproject
Urban Infill
Abstract:This thesis begins by arguing that the architectural profession has fallen out of balance. I contend that the series of objectives which compete for the architect’s attention have been gradually subsumed by economic concerns. As a means of empirically seeking to restore a balance, a method is proposed for quantitatively determining the trade-offs between the social, economic, and environmental sustainability of an architectural problem. The method is tested on a neighborhood-scale mega-development. This scale of built environment intervention falls between the building scale work of architects and the city scale of urban designers and geographers. The selected design intervention is in Chicago, Illinois with variables including the number of buildings, their use, and the height of each type of building. Solutions are optimized for Social, Economic, and/or Environmentally sustainability outcomes using a single-objective genomic algorithm. A multi-objective genomic algorithm is then utilized to evaluate all three sustainability objectives simultaneously. Solutions to the chosen problem are proposed and contextualized within the “restoring balance” framework discussed above. The outcomes appear to show that such a process can be efficacious in quantitatively balancing the sustainability based trade-offs implicit to the design process.
Issue Date:2020-05-04
Type:Thesis
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/107957
Rights Information:Copyright 2020 Grant Mosey
Date Available in IDEALS:2020-08-26
Date Deposited:2020-05


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