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Title:Understanding the physiological role of the small RNA RydC
Author(s):Bianco, Colleen Marion
Director of Research:Vanderpool, Carin K
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Vanderpool, Carin K
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Cronan, John E; Orlean, Peter A.B; Metcalf, William W
Department / Program:Microbiology
Discipline:Microbiology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Small RNA, Transcription Factors, Escherichia coli, Genetics, Genomics, Microbial Physiology, Protein-Nucleic Acid Interactions, Regulation of Gene Expression, RNA Biology, Signal Transduction
Abstract:This project aims to understand the physiological role of the small RNA (sRNA) RydC and the signals controlling RydC production. RydC was previously shown to stabilize cfa (cyclopropane fatty acid synthase) mRNA, resulting in higher levels of cyclopropane fatty acids in the cell membrane. Here, we show that additional sRNAs, ArrS and CpxQ, also directly regulate cfa post-transcriptionally. RydC and ArrS act through masking an RNase E cleavage site in the cfa mRNA 5' untranslated region (UTR), and both sRNAs post-transcriptionally activate cfa. In contrast, CpxQ binds to a different site in the cfa mRNA 5' UTR and represses cfa expression in a mechanism that is dependent on Rho-mediated premature transcription termination. Alteration of membrane lipid composition is a key mechanism for bacteria to survive low pH environments, and we show that cfa translation increases in an sRNA-dependent manner when cells are subjected to mild acid stress. To further elucidate the physiological role of RydC, we sought to identify the transcription factor responsible for rydC expression. We demonstrate that the uncharacterized GntR family transcriptional regulator YieP represses transcription of the rydC in both Escherichia coli and Salmonella. We identify genes whose expression are dependent on YieP and determine that YieP may be playing a role regulating in amino acid transport, carbon metabolism, and aerobic respiration. We demonstrate that rydC transcription varies depending on the carbon source cells are utilizing.
Issue Date:2020-01-23
Type:Thesis
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/108081
Rights Information:Copyright 2020 Colleen M. Bianco
Date Available in IDEALS:2020-08-26
Date Deposited:2020-05


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