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Title:Statistical and machine learning models for critical infrastructure resilience
Author(s):Heglund, Jacob Scott White
Advisor(s):Tran, Huy T
Department / Program:Aerospace Engineering
Discipline:Aerospace Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Critical Infrastructure Resilience
Machine Learning
Statistical Modeling
Graph Neural Networks
Abstract:This thesis presents a data-driven approach to improving predictions of critical infrastructure behaviors. In our first approach, we explore novel data sources and time series modeling techniques to model disaster impacts on power systems through the case study of Hurricane Sandy as it impacted the state of New York. We find a correlation between Twitter data and load forecast errors, suggesting that Twitter data may provide value towards predicting impacts of disasters on infrastructure systems. Based on these findings, we then develop time series forecasting methods to predict the NYISO power system behaviors at the zonal level, utilizing Twitter and load forecast data as model inputs. In our second approach, we develop a novel, graph-based formulation of the British rail network to model the nonlinear cascading delays on the rail network. Using this formulation, we then develop machine learning approaches to predict delays in the rail network. Through experiments on real-world rail data, we find that the selected architecture provides more accurate predictions than other models due to its ability to capture both spatial and temporal dimensions of the data.
Issue Date:2020-07-22
Rights Information:Copyright 2020 Jacob Heglund
Date Available in IDEALS:2020-10-07
Date Deposited:2020-08

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