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Title:Construction and validation of the consequences of race-related motivated reasoning scale
Author(s):Hoang, Tuyet-Mai Ha
Director of Research:Neville, Helen A
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Neville, Helen A
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Cromley, Jennifer C; Todd, Nathan R; Stern, Chadly D
Department / Program:Educational Psychology
Discipline:Educational Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):race-related motivated reasoning
scale construction
vignette-based scale
Abstract:The purpose of the proposed study was to develop and provide initial psychometric support for a measure that captures the explicit consequences of race-related motivated reasoning. Race-related motivated reasoning is a set of biased cognitive and affective responses in interpreting and evaluating race-related information or stimuli. I focused on one area in which racial discrimination occurs: Police interactions. This area has been consistently described in current measures of racial mistrust, racism, and microaggressions. The Consequences of Race-Related Motivated Reasoning Scale (CRRMRS) originally consisted of vignette and corresponding items. Data from 1156 participants were collected through Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk) for two interrelated studies as part of the process in scale construction, initial validation and construct validity establishment. In Study 1, I used matrix sampling to reduce participants’ fatigue because of the large number of items. Each participant read vignette 1 and two subsequent randomized vignettes and corresponding questions to each vignette. The exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) resulted in 10 items with 3 factors: (1) Minimization of Racism, (2) Target Apathy, and (3) Target Blaming. In Study 2, findings from confirmatory factor analysis supported that the three-factor model was a good fit to the data for all six vignettes and the best fit compared to other competing models. Further analyses with measurement invariance tests and confirmatory factor analysis indicated the combination of vignette 1 and 4 and the combination of vignette 1 and 5 could be used for multitrait-multimethod data. Initial internal consistency estimates of the subscale scores were excellent in both studies. The CRRMRS latent factors were positively related to color-blind racial ideology and the general belief in just world in theoretically expected ways. The association between CRRMRS latent factors and feeling thermometers also provided support for the “hot cognition” assumption in race-related motivated reasoning.
Issue Date:2020-05-22
Rights Information:Copyright 2020 Tuyet-Mai Hoang
Date Available in IDEALS:2020-10-07
Date Deposited:2020-08

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