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Title:How does dockless bikeshare impact bus ridership?
Author(s):Martin, Rebecca E
Advisor(s):Xu, Yilan
Contributor(s):Lee, Bumsoo; Dall'Erba, Sandy
Department / Program:Agr & Consumer Economics
Discipline:Urban Planning
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):bus ridership
Abstract:Docked and dockless bikeshare systems are becoming more common in cities across the United States. Along with other technology-enabled transportation services, these programs offer users an additional transportation mode, greater accessibility, and more flexibility. This paper examines the causal impact of a new dockless bikeshare program on traditional public transit services, using evidence from a Midwest campus-centered urban area. We use a Poisson high-dimensional fixed effect model to run a difference-in-differences specification, exploring the exogenous hourly variation in precipitation and the fact that bicycle ridership is limited when there is precipitation. We find that the initial pedal bicycle fleet increases bus ridership by 1.4 percent and the subsequent upgrades to electric bicycles further increased bus ridership by an additional 0.5 percent. We also find different user patterns on and off campus. The increased bus ridership occurred mostly in neighborhoods with younger populations, lower vehicle ownership rates, and lower homeownership rates.
Issue Date:2020-07-21
Rights Information:Copyright 2020 Rebecca Martin
Date Available in IDEALS:2020-10-07
Date Deposited:2020-08

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