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Title:Final Report: Toxicological Effects of Smokes and Obscurants on Aquatic Threatened and Endangered Species
Author(s):Cropek, Donald M.; Soucek, David J.; Smith, Thomas S.
Subject(s):military tactics
smokes and obscurants, environmental impact
field deposition
fog oil
environmental toxicology
Abstract:Preparation for battlefield conditions requires military training activities using the cover of smokes and obscurants (S&O). S&O release active chemicals into the environment. The need to effectively quantify the emissions resulting from the use of S&O, and assess the potential health and environmental impact of these emissions, has become an important issue. In particular, the impact of S&O on the vitality and survivability of threatened and endangered species (TES) that cohabit training areas must be ascertained. The objective of this project was to study the effects of S&O on fish, cover plants, and insect prey relative to toxicity, fecundity, and food chain disruption. This information will ultimately assist efforts to develop and refine approaches for the conservation, management, and recovery of aquatic TES and ecosystems.
Issue Date:2008-11
Publisher:U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Engineer Research and Development Center Construction Engineering Research Laboratory
Genre:Technical Report
Type:Text
Language:English
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/109269
Sponsor:U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Engineer Research and Development Center Construction Engineering Research Laboratory SERDP Project SI-1332
Rights Information:Federal Government Document, Public Domain
Date Available in IDEALS:2021-02-04
Related Item:https://www.serdp-estcp.org/Program-Areas/Resource-Conservation-and-Resiliency/Natural-Resources/Species-Ecology-and-Management/RC-1332/


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