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Title:Extending secure and trusted computation to FPGA accelerators
Author(s):Ren, Wei
Advisor(s):Chen, Deming
Department / Program:Electrical & Computer Eng
Discipline:Electrical & Computer Engr
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:M.S.
Genre:Thesis
Subject(s):Security
Trusted Computation
FPGA
Abstract:As the demand for computation power grows rapidly, the need for security and privacy has become stronger in cloud computing and heterogeneous systems. Several cloud and data centers have already started deploying Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) as reconfigurable accelerators with high performance and energy efficiency. However, the current infrastructure design provides little or no support for security in external accelerators. Existing trusted computing solutions such as Intel SGX or ARM TrustZone target at CPU-only environments, making external accelerators and peripheral devices unprotected. This work proposes a new scheme to extend trust computing for FPGA accelerators. The scheme consists of a security manager (SM) with hardware root of trust through standard cryptographic primitives and remote attestation of the SM as well as the custom accelerators. Our prototype implementation of the FPGA enclave framework minimized the performance overhead (due to the security features) compared to a state-of-the-art CPU-based enclave framework, Intel SGX, while enjoying the benefit of improved performance through hardware acceleration. From our evaluation results, an accelerated histogram application running in our FPGA enclave environment achieved a 6.2x performance speedup on average compared to the same application running inside an Intel SGX enclave.
Issue Date:2020-08-17
Type:Thesis
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/109322
Rights Information:Copyright 2020 Wei Ren
Date Available in IDEALS:2021-03-05
Date Deposited:2020-12


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