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Title:Growth mindset-supportive teacher feedback in early elementary math classes: A naturalistic, observational study
Author(s):Curry, Katy Sarah
Advisor(s):Bub, Kristen L
Department / Program:Educational Psychology
Discipline:Educational Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):growth mindset
mathematics instruction
teacher feedback
early elementary
Abstract:Research has indicated that growth mindset development can have a valuable impact on the motivation and achievement of traditionally low-achieving students – especially in mathematics. Teachers stand to benefit students when they create a classroom environment supportive of a growth mindset by offering relevant and supportive feedback. The majority of research on feedback, however, has been conducted in either lab settings or through classroom interventions and has been restricted to a process vs. product feedback dichotomy. More recently, researchers have identified the need for naturalistic, observational studies of teacher and student interaction in the classroom context, however, to date, this has been done mainly on students in middle school. To address these gaps, the current study used an observational tool aimed to describe the kind of feedback teachers give in the early elementary context when students are just starting their academic careers. More specifically, using a sample of 4 recorded 1st grade mathematics lessons obtained from an online, mathematics, professional development website for elementary teachers, I employed Tunstall and Gipps’ (1996) feedback typology to examine the quantity and type of feedback given by teachers. Results indicated that teachers offer prolific amounts of feedback during whole class math lessons, the majority of which was growth-mindset-supportive. The amount of other types of feedback differed drastically by teacher and teaching method. The typology offers an improvement over the person/process dichotomy and provides a more in-depth understanding of teacher feedback than experimental measures. Implications for future research and practice are discussed.
Issue Date:2020-11-18
Rights Information:Copyright 2020 Katy Curry
Date Available in IDEALS:2021-03-05
Date Deposited:2020-12

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