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Title:Accuracy-aware privacy mechanisms for distributed computation
Author(s):Gade, Shripad
Director of Research:Bose, Subhonmesh; Vaidya, Nitin
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Bose, Subhonmesh
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Srikant, Rayadurgam; Mitra, Sayan; Liu, Ji
Department / Program:Electrical & Computer Eng
Discipline:Electrical & Computer Engr
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Privacy
Non-identifiability
Distributed Computation
Network Games
Distributed Optimization
Abstract:Distributed computing systems involve a network of devices or agents that use locally stored private information to solve a common problem. Distributed algorithms fundamentally require communication between devices leaving the system vulnerable to "privacy attacks" perpetrated by adversarial agents. In this dissertation, we focus on designing privacy-preserving distributed algorithms for -- (a) solving distributed optimization problems, (b) computing equilibrium of network aggregate games, and (c) solving a distributed system of linear equations. Specifically, we propose a privacy definition for distributed computation "non-identifiability", that allow us to simultaneously guarantee privacy and the accuracy of the computed solution. This definition involves showing that information observed by the adversary is compatible with several distributed computing problems and the associated ambiguity provides privacy. Distributed Optimization: We propose the Function Sharing strategy that involves using correlated random functions to obfuscate private objective functions followed by using a standard distributed optimization algorithm. We characterize a tight graph connectivity condition for proving privacy via non-identifiability of local objective functions. We also prove correctness of our algorithm and show that we can achieve privacy and accuracy simultaneously. Network Aggregate Games: We design a distributed Nash equilibrium computation algorithm for network aggregate games. Our algorithm uses locally balanced correlated random perturbations to hide information shared with neighbors for aggregate estimation. This step is followed by descent along the negative gradient of the local cost function. We show that if the graph of non-adversarial agents is connected and non-bipartite, then our algorithm keeps private local cost information non-identifiable while asymptotically converging to the accurate Nash equilibrium. Average Consensus and System of Linear Equations: Finally, we design a finite-time algorithm for solving the average consensus problem over directed graphs with information-theoretic privacy. We use this algorithm to solve a distributed system of linear equations in finite-time while protecting the privacy of local equations. We characterize computation, communication, memory and iteration cost of our algorithm and characterize graph conditions for guaranteeing information-theoretic privacy of local data.
Issue Date:2020-12-01
Type:Thesis
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/109398
Rights Information:Copyright 2020 Shripad Gade
Date Available in IDEALS:2021-03-05
Date Deposited:2020-12


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