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Title:Development of next-generation near-eye and naked-eye optical display systems
Author(s):Cui, Wei
Director of Research:Gao, Liang
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Gao, Liang
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Popescu, Gabriel; Gruev, Viktor; Song, Pengfei
Department / Program:Electrical & Computer Eng
Discipline:Electrical & Computer Engr
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Near-eye displays
naked-eye displays
human-centric design
wearable displays
virtual reality
augmented reality
vergence-accommodation conflict
optical mapping display
holographic display
optical combiner
laser scanning display
Abstract:This dissertation introduces the development of the next-generation near-eye and naked-eye optical display systems for virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) applications using multiple novel designs and techniques, including optical mapping near-eye (OMNI) display, holographic near-eye display, see-through display and naked-eye laser scanning display. The pros and cons for each display system have been clearly presented, evaluated, and compared with other current techniques. The major contribution of this dissertation is the system design strategy, in which the user experience is prioritized by applying the ``human-centric design" principle. Under the specifications of the current techniques, our strategy expands the limitations while still holding potential for further upgrade. For VR displays, we propose an optical mapping near-eye (OMNI) 3D display method for wearable devices, showing prominent advantages in adaptability, image dynamic range, and refresh rate. We also implement an all-passive, transformable optical mapping (ATOM) near-eye display based on the human-centric design principle, providing a task-tailored viewing experience for a variety of VR/AR applications. We present two directions to enhance the system performances of the holographic near-eye displays, including holographic Maxwellian and holographic foveated multiplane near-eye displays. In addition, we develop an ultra-compact optical combiner for see-through near-eye display using geometric phase lenses (GPL) and an ultrashort throw laser MEMS projector. These systems show improved compactness, outstanding adaptation and high image quality, making them proper candidates of the next-generation near-eye and naked-eye optical displays.
Issue Date:2020-09-16
Type:Thesis
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/109468
Rights Information:Copyright 2020 Wei Cui
Date Available in IDEALS:2021-03-05
Date Deposited:2020-12


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