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Title:Franz Schubert’s Deutsches Stabat Mater, D. 383: Historical background and musical accessibility
Author(s):Cho, Seung Won
Director of Research:Alwes, Chester
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Alwes, Chester
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Megill, Andrew; Moersch, Charlotte Mattax; Magee, Gayle
Department / Program:Music
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Schubert's German Stabat Mater, D. 383
Abstract:This study explores the historical context of the text and music of Franz Schubert’s Deutsches Stabat Mater in F minor, D. 383. Schubert’s German Stabat Mater stands apart from the majority of his sacred choral music, which, intended for use in a Catholic liturgical service, uses Latin text. The text Schubert uses is a German paraphrase of the Latin Sequence contrived by Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock (1724–1803) to allow Pergolesi’s Monumental setting to be sung in German during Protestant services. The text was also used by Johann Adam Hiller (1728–1804) in his arrangement of Pergolesi’s Stabat Mater. Indeed, Hiller’s Stabat Mater served as a template for Schubert’s composition. The works of Klopstock, Hiller, and Schubert reflect social and cultural changes in the Austrian-German empire of the time. Schubert intended his German Stabat Mater to be accessible and theologically acceptable for both small, Protestant church choirs and amateur choral groups to perform. Despite being raised as a Catholic, Schubert used Klopstock’s German paraphrase precisely because it reflected the spirit of both Protestantism and the Enlightenment, thereby allowing a wider market and audience for his music.
Issue Date:2020-12-04
Rights Information:Copyright 2020 Seung Won Cho
Date Available in IDEALS:2021-03-05
Date Deposited:2020-12

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