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Title:Negotiation of meaning and comprehension in audio and videoconferencing: A mixed methods study
Author(s):Barley, Natalia
Director of Research:Cope, William
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Cope, William; Kalantzis, Mary
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Pak, Yoon; Montebello, Matthew
Department / Program:Educ Policy, Orgzn & Leadrshp
Discipline:Educ Policy, Orgzn & Leadrshp
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):video conferencing
audio conferencing
language learning
negotiation of meaning
listening comprehension
computer-mediated communication
Abstract:The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of audio- and videoconferencing on intermediate-level Russian language learners’ interaction with a native speaker, specifically in the context of 1) negotiation of meaning, 2) rates of comprehension, and 3) learners’ perceptions of interaction. The research is grounded in the theoretical framework of interaction hypothesis and the sociocultural approach. Initial findings indicate that learners actively and successfully negotiate for meaning both in audio- and videoconferencing with no statistically significant differences in the number of negotiation routines and comprehension rates. The structure of negotiated interaction, quantity, and redundancy of input also revealed many similarities between the two conditions. The notable characteristic of interaction in videoconferencing is observed in the use of non-verbal responses by both native and non-native Russian speakers during most stages of a negotiation routine. Focus group interviews and questionnaires reveal starkly divided learner views on audio- and videoconferencing. Learners differ in their perceptions of not only the socio-affective but also the pedagogical benefits and drawbacks of each mode. The study assesses the potential benefits and drawbacks of each condition as a platform for language learner interaction. Areas of future research in the use of audio- and videoconferencing are suggested.
Issue Date:2020-11-23
Rights Information:Copyright 2020 Natalia Barley
Date Available in IDEALS:2021-03-05
Date Deposited:2020-12

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