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Title:Essays on peer-to-peer lending
Author(s):Arga, Desak Nyoman Filiadewi
Director of Research:Bernhardt, Dan M
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Bernhardt, Dan M
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Krasa, Stefan; Hong, Seung-Hyun; Lemus, Jorge
Department / Program:Economics
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Abstract:This dissertation consists of three chapters on the peer-to-peer (P2P) lending market. All three chapters are based on data from the same U.S.-based P2P lending online platform, LendingClub. In Chapter 1, I study the funding rate of loans in the primary market. I use a large dataset of LendingClub's daily primary market listing combined with its monthly loan progress data to determine what factors affect funding rate to vary across loans and across time. I find that variation in the funding rate within a loan can be explained by its availability. As a loan gets closer to be fully funded, investments are coming at a higher rate for this loan. I also find that a borrower's creditworthiness is significant in explaining the varying funding rates across loans. In Chapter 2, I explore the secondary market of LendingClub using the sellers' perspective. The secondary market is a platform where lenders can buy and sell notes originated from loans issued in LendingClub's primary market. A note is a partial investment of a loan. I use a large dataset of daily secondary market note listing to examine which loans are more likely to have notes listed in the secondary market. I find that notes of grade A and of grade D, which are the least risky and the riskiest assessed grades, are more likely to be listed in the secondary market than loans of grade B or grade C. Lenders are also more likely to list their note in the secondary market at a negative markup when it has a late payment history. I find that the sellers' behavior are consistent with my findings on the buyers' behavior in Chapter 3. In this last chapter, I explore the secondary market of LendingClub using the buyers' perspective. Using the secondary market data listing, I explore the factors that affect a buyer's probability in purchasing a note from the secondary market. I find that across all periods of listing, grade-B and grade-C notes are always less preferred than either a grade-A note or a grade-D note. As the period increases, the preference for grade-A notes goes down while it goes up for grade-D notes. I provide a simple theoretical framework to explain the buyers' belief-updating process before deciding whether to purchase a note or not in the secondary market.
Issue Date:2020-12-04
Rights Information:Copyright 2020 Desak Nyoman Filiadewi Arga
Date Available in IDEALS:2021-03-05
Date Deposited:2020-12

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