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Title:Evaluation of Geosynthetics Use in Pavement Foundation Layers and Their Effects on Design Methods
Author(s):Qamhia, Issam I. A.; Tutumluer, Erol
Subject(s):Pavements
Geosynthetics
Geogrids
Geotextiles
Geocells
Geofoams
Reinforcement
Stiffening
Drainage
Separation
Filtration
Climatic Effects
Bender Elements
Abstract:This report presents findings of a research effort aimed at reviewing and updating existing Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) specifications and manuals regarding the use of geosynthetic materials in pavements. The project consisted of three tasks: evaluate current IDOT practice related to the use of geosynthetics; review research and state of the practice on geosynthetics applications, available products, design methods, and specifications; and propose recommendations for geosynthetic solutions in pavements to modernize IDOT’s practices and manuals. The review of IDOT specifications revealed that geotextiles are the most used geosynthetic product in Illinois, followed by geogrids. Several of IDOT’s manuals have comprehensive guidelines to properly design and construct pavements with geosynthetics, but several knowledge gaps and potential areas for modernization and adoption of new specifications still exist. Based on the review of the available design methods and the most relevant geosynthetic properties and characterization methods linked to field performance, several updates to IDOT’s practice were proposed. Areas of improvement are listed as follows. First, establish proper mechanisms for using geogrids, geocells, and geotextiles in subgrade restraint and base stabilization applications. This includes using shear wave transducers, i.e., bender elements, to quantify local stiffness enhancements and adopting the Giroud and Han design method for subgrade restraint applications. Second, update IDOT’s Subgrade Stability Manual to include property requirements for geogrids, geotextiles, and geocells suitable for subgrade restraint applications. Third, establish proper standards on stabilization, separation, and pumping resistance for geotextiles by incorporating recent research findings on geotextile clogging and permeability criteria. Fourth, promote the use of modern geosynthetic products, such as geotextiles with enhanced lateral drainage, and fifth, elaborate on proper methods for construction/quality control measures for pavements with geosynthetics.
Issue Date:2021-08
Publisher:Illinois Center for Transportation/Illinois Department of Transportation
Citation Info:Qamhia, Issam I. A., and Erol Tutumluer. 2021. Evaluation of Geosynthetics Use in Pavement Foundation Layers and Their Effects on Design Methods. A report of the findings of ICT-R27-193-3. Illinois Center for Transportation Series No. 21-025. Research Report No. FHWA-ICT-21-020. Illinois Center for Transportation, Rantoul, IL. https://doi.org/10.36501/0197-9191/21-025
Series/Report:FHWA-ICT-21-020
Genre:Technical Report
Type:Text
Language:English
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/110252
ISSN:0197-9191
DOI:https://doi.org/10.36501/0197-9191/21-025
Sponsor:IDOT-ICT-193-3
Rights Information:No restrictions. This document is available through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161.
Date Available in IDEALS:2021-08-05


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