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Title:Aspects of the reflected entropy
Author(s):Dutta, Souvik
Director of Research:Faulkner, Thomas
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Leigh, Robert
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Vishveshwara, Smitha; Cooper, Lance
Department / Program:Physics
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
String Theory
Abstract:The aim of this thesis is to compile our study of a quantum information quantity, called the reflected entropy, which is a measure of quantum correlations in mixed states. Our work is motivated by, and generalizes, an earlier work on the thermo-field double purification of thermal states, in the purview of the AdS/CFT correspondence. Our main result is that in so-called holographic CFT states, the reflected entropy is given by the area of a class of bulk geometric quantities inside the entanglement wedge, called reflected minimal surfaces. From the bulk point of view, we show that half the area of the reflected minimal surface, in Planck units, gives a reinterpretation of the notion of the entanglement wedge cross-section. In doing so, we address the connection with a recent conjecture on the entanglement of purification. We prove some general properties of the reflected entropy and introduce a novel replica trick in CFTs for studying it. The duality is established using a recently introduced approach to holographic modular flow. We also consider an Engelhardt-Wall holographic construction of the canonical purification − the reflected minimal surfaces are simply Ryu-Takayanagi surfaces in this new spacetime. When we move to the continuum limit, we find a relation to the split property − the reflected entropy computes the von Neumann entropy of a canonical splitting type-I factor. In this limit, we show that the reflected entropy serves as a regulator for the UV divergent entanglement entropy. Finally, we consider the reflected entropy for free fermions in two dimensions. Working directly in the continuum theory, we extract the reflected entropy from the spectrum of a singular integral equation whose kernel is determined by the modular flowed free fermion correlation function. We find the spectrum numerically and analytically in certain limits, in one of which, the reflected entanglement spectrum rapidly approaches the spectrum of the thermal density matrix. This suggests that the reflected entanglement spectrum is well suited to the task of extracting physical data of the theory directly from the vacuum/ground state wave function.
Issue Date:2021-03-08
Rights Information:Copyright 2021 Souvik Dutta
Date Available in IDEALS:2021-09-17
Date Deposited:2021-05

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