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Title:Machine learning-based non-destructive evaluation of fatigue damage in metals
Author(s):Hsu, Min-Hsiu
Advisor(s):Shao, Chenhui
Department / Program:Mechanical Sci & Engineering
Discipline:Mechanical Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):non destructive testing
non destructive evaluation
metal fatigue
machine learning
remaining useful life
sensor fusion
linear ultrasound
nonlinear ultrasound
residual stress
full width at half maximum
Abstract:Non-destructive evaluation (NDE) of fatigue damage in metals is crucial for ensuring high product performance and safety. In remanufacturing, NDE for the incoming recycled metal materials is also essential to maximize the benefits of utilizing such materials. However, critical challenges exist in the development of NDE techniques for used components: an individual NDE technology is only sensitive to specific fatigue conditions; and analytics methods are lacking for quantitatively measuring accumulated mechanical damage and conducting prognostics in an early fatigue stage. In this thesis, we propose a novel machine learning-based NDE technology by combining the strengths of linear ultrasonic (LU) and nonlinear ultrasonic (NLU) methods to characterize material properties and flaws at multiple length scales. Besides, a remaining useful life (RUL) estimation framework with hierarchical classifiers and S-N curves for identifying fatigue damage levels and inferring RUL is developed. In addition, regression models are developed to estimate residual stress and full width at half maximum (FWHM). The effectiveness of the proposed methods is demonstrated by using life cycle fatigue testing data for 5052-H32 aluminum alloy.
Issue Date:2021-04-29
Rights Information:Copyright 2021 Min-Hsiu Hsu
Date Available in IDEALS:2021-09-17
Date Deposited:2021-05

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