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Title:The journey or the destination? Initial evidence on goal focus in adolescence
Author(s):Fleming Hoff, Bethany Joy
Director of Research:Napolitano, Christopher M
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Napolitano, Christopher M
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Ruedas-Gracia, Nidia; Perry, Michelle; Pomerantz, Eva
Department / Program:Educational Psychology
Discipline:Educational Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):goal focus
adolescence
Abstract:The ability to set and pursue goals, termed intentional self-regulation, is a critical skill in adolescence that has been linked to long-term positive development. Less is known about goal focus, defined as formulating a goal in terms of the process or outcome of goal, in adolescence. Past research has observed that a process focus is linked with positive goal-related outcomes in adult samples, but few studies have examined adolescent goal focus. This is a critical gap, as past literature indicates that young adults tend to formulate their goals in terms of the outcomes, when a process focus may be more beneficial. The purpose of this dissertation work was to address these gaps in the literature by providing preliminary evidence on the goal focus in adolescence. Three research questions were investigated. First, are adolescents more likely to demonstrate a preference for a process or outcome goal focus? Second, what are the effects of adolescent goal focus on goal pursuit? Third, is goal focus significantly associated with backup planning? These results provide guidelines for future research and intervention programs aimed at supporting adolescent goal pursuit.
Issue Date:2021-04-19
Type:Thesis
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/110687
Rights Information:2021 Bethany Joy Fleming Hoff
Date Available in IDEALS:2021-09-17
Date Deposited:2021-05


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