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Title:Design and manufacturing of novel hybrid metal-polymer heat exchangers
Author(s):Somani, Akhilesh Sanjay
Advisor(s):Sinha, Sanjiv
Department / Program:Mechanical Sci & Engineering
Discipline:Mechanical Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:M.S.
Genre:Thesis
Subject(s):waste heat recovery
metal
polymer
helically wound
heat exchanger
adhesives
roll-to-roll
mechanics model
real-world demonstration
Abstract:Nearly 60% of waste heat from industrial processes in the U.S. lies in low-temperature regime (<200°C). Current conventional metal heat exchangers for waste heat recovery (WHR) of low-grade heat are too expensive and subject to corrosion from condensates below <150°C. Polymers, although an attractive alternative to metals, have low thermal conductivity which typically makes them unsuitable for thermal applications. Combining thermally conductive metals with polymers can improve the thermal conductivity of the hybrid to be sufficient for WHR applications. Prior work has explored helically wound metal-polymer hybrid tubes as a means to combine the best aspects of both these materials for suitable heat exchanger performance. Here we show that compared to joining metal strips to polymer strips using laser welding, ultrasonic welding, or resistance seam welding, using adhesives to join the strips is easier for manufacturing and provides adequate joining strength. This work explores the improvement of a roll-to-roll setup to incorporate an adhesive dispensing system to manufacture heat exchanger tubes. To better understand conformal rolling, we develop a theoretical mechanics model to study important forces/factors responsible. Finally, we report data from a real-world demonstration for such heat exchangers within a campus building to analyze the performance and gauge potential under wider operating conditions. This work paves the way for realizing the cost-effective manufacturing of heat exchangers for low-grade WHR.
Issue Date:2021-04-27
Type:Thesis
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/110855
Rights Information:Copyright 2021 Akhilesh Sanjay Somani
Date Available in IDEALS:2021-09-17
Date Deposited:2021-05


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