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Title:Spectroscopic Characterization Of A Thermodynamically Stable Doubly Charged Diatomic Molecule: Mgar2+
Author(s):Wehrli, Dominik
Contributor(s):Merkt, Frédéric; Génévriez, Matthieu
Subject(s):Mini-symposium: Precision Spectroscopy for Fundamental Physics
Abstract:Although numerous doubly positively charged diatomic molecules (diatomic dications) are known from investigations using mass spectrometry and \emph{ab-initio} quantum chemistry, only three of them, NO$^{2+}$, N$_2^{2+}$ and DCl$^{2+}$, have been studied using rotationally resolved optical spectroscopy\footnote{P. C. Cosby, R. M\"oller, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. A \textbf{28}, 766 (1983), D. Cossart, M. Bonneau, and J. M. Robbe, J. Mol. Spectrosc. \textbf{125}, 413 (1987), S. G. Cox, A. D. J. Critchley, P. S. Kreynin, I. R. McNab, R. C. Shiell, and F. E. Smith, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. \textbf{5}, 663 (2003)} and only about a dozen by vibrationally resolved double-ionization methods \footnote{J. H. D. Eland and R. Feifel, \textit{Double Photoinisation Spectra of Molecules} (Oxford University Press, 2018)}. So far, no thermodynamically stable diatomic dication has been characterized spectroscopically, primarily because of experimental difficulties associated with their synthesis in sufficient densities in the gas phase. Indeed, such molecules typically involve, as constituents, rare-gas, halogen, or chalcogen, and metal atoms. We report on a new approach to study molecular dications based on high-resolution PFI-ZEKE photoelectron spectroscopy of the singly charged parent molecular cation and present the first spectroscopic characterization of a thermodynamically stable diatomic dication, MgAr$^{2+}$. We have observed the partially resolved rotational structure of several vibrational levels of the ground electronic state of MgAr$^{2+}$ using a resonant (1+1'+1'') three-photon excitation scheme. From the analysis of the photoelectron spectra of $^{24}$MgAr$^+$ and $^{26}$MgAr$^+$ we have determined the potential-energy function of the electronic ground state of MgAr$^{2+}$, its dissociation (binding) energy ($D_0=10690(3)$~cm$^{-1}$), and its harmonic ($\omega_\mathrm{e}(^{24}\mathrm{MgAr}^{2+})=327.02(11)$~cm$^{-1}$) and anharmonic ($\omega_\mathrm{e}x_\mathrm{e}(^{24}\mathrm{MgAr}^{2+})=2.477(15)$~cm$^{-1}$) vibrational constants. The analysis enables us to explain quantitatively how the strong bond arises in this dication despite the fact that Ar and Mg$^{2+}$ both have a full-shell rare-gas electronic configuration.
Issue Date:2021-06-24
Publisher:International Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy
Genre:Conference Paper / Presentation
Date Available in IDEALS:2021-09-24

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